systems of stratification (1)

systems of stratification (1) - systemsofstratification...

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systems of stratification 16:07 What is stratification Structured system that ranks entire groups of people in ways that perpetuate  unequal rewards and life chances in a society. o Formal stratification: by law, official, political system is set up specifically to  stratify.  Slavery Caste system: societies are based into groups based on genealogy:  officially recognized. Defined who you can talk to, marry, and shadow  to walk under Feudal system: during the middle ages, 2 legally recognized statuses,  property owners and people who work the property o Informal stratification Social class Any group of people who share a similar economic position in  society based on their wealth and income. Not just money and wealth because most people don’t realize this.  Prestige. Education. Jobs. Not what you’re doing but what your  family did; inter-generational carry-over.  Socioeconomic status Prestige, honor, respect, and lifestyle associated with different  positions of groups in society Three views on stratification Structural functionalist o Because stratification is universal, it must serve some purpose.  o Stratification might lure people into some jobs (like doctors) because of the  prestige and money’s that comes  along with it not because of all the hard  and gruesome labor that goes along with it. Have to make it more  appealing.  o Stratification also works because it keeps people on the lower level of  society and helps us keep our trash-man picker-uppers.  o The way our system works it could’ve trapped someone down on the  bottom level who could’ve had a significant impact on society o Some people who don’t deserve the jobs get them because they are born  into it. Or maybe they are charming or good looking. 
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Conflict o We have stratification because it allows powerful to keep hold on their  power Symbolic inter-actionist  o Stratification is created and maintained in small, often initiate groups. 
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16:07 What is poverty? Definition o Absolute poverty: not having the minimal requirements (adequate food,  shelter, and clothing) to sustain a reasonably healthy life o Relative poverty: living at standards lower than the majority of people in a  given society Average U.S. Income Children of the Great Depression The ones that had the biggest problems weren’t the poor ones, but  the ones that lost the most amount of things/ had the biggest  income differences.  The poverty line o Average annual food for adequate diet for family with X members  multiplied by 3 1/ 10,830 2/ 14,570 3/ 18,310
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2010 for the course SOC 45255 taught by Professor Crosnoe during the Fall '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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systems of stratification (1) - systemsofstratification...

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