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SOC 12 - Wednesday,October13,2010 Sociology12...

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Wednesday, October 13, 2010 Sociology 12 Poverty & Economic Inequality  1. What is Poverty? Most Americans are unsympathetic about poverty.  a. Definition i. Absolute Poverty – Not having the minimal requirements (Ex.  Adequate food, shelter, and clothing) to sustain a reasonably  healthy life.  ii. Relative Poverty – Living at standards lower than the majority of  people in a given society.  1. Average U.S. Income 2. Children of the Great Depression a. The children in the Great Depression most greatly affected  were no the ones who were the most poor, but the children  who lost the most money over a period of time. 3. It is very stressful and has a very big impact on people’s lives.  b. The Poverty Line – How Americans define poverty. i. Average annual food budget for adequate diet for family with X  members multiplied by 3.  Most Americans spend 1/3 of their  income on food.  $10,830/1 $14,570/2 $18,310/3 $22,050/4 If you are one person and you make less than  $10,830 per year, you are considered poor.  ii. Uses of Poverty Line 1. To keep track of the number of poor in the U.S. 2. Government assistance – the poverty line is too low. The  Government, for lunch as schools, does the poverty line time  1.85. 
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