lyme disease. - Mohit Patel 04/15/2009 Bio 228 Dr. Phillips...

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Mohit Patel 04/15/2009 Bio 228 Dr. Phillips Lyme Disease We are surrounded with millions of insects; some of them are responsible of giving human the deadliest viruses and diseases like Lyme disease. It is the most common tick-borne disease infected by ticks. The disease is transmitted to humans through the bite of the Ixodes tick (Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes pacificus). A bacterium called Barrelia burgdorferi that lives in mice, squirrels, and other small animals gets transmitted through tick bites to humans. There are approximately 100, 000 Lyme disease cases reported in the U.S. annually, and the worst part is that many patients will never truly be diagnosed. Although scientists’ and researchers’ all around the world are working on finding the antibiotics or drug to completely cure this disease. (2) Only a small percentage of deer ticks carry the disease. In 1970s, physicians in New England identified similar illness in group of children and discovered that it was transmitted by a tick. The condition was given the name Lyme disease in 1977. In the first 5 years after the condition was described and officially named (1982-1986), the number of reported cases increased 32-fold, making Lyme disease a national health concern. (1) Outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, hunting, fishing, and gardening place people at risk, as does working around heavy brush or wooded areas. It cannot be transmitted by person to person contact; kissing, touching or sexual contact is not threatening. Lyme can test negatively even if one might have it. Lyme Disease is very difficult to detect because it affects a number of systems including
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brain, the central and autonomic nervous system, cardiovascular, digestive, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems. . ‘Lyme's is indeed the great imitator.' In many case, it looked somewhat like rheumatoid arthritis. Tick needs to stay attached for 24 to 36hours
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lyme disease. - Mohit Patel 04/15/2009 Bio 228 Dr. Phillips...

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