Take Home Final PSCI

Take Home Final PSCI - Monika Zota PSCI 1024 FINAL PART I...

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Monika Zota PSCI 1024 FINAL PART I, QUESTION 2 Lands established for exploitation and wrongfully manipulated to feed the needs of those who came as visitors, South Africa and Nigeria face repercussions of the past to this day. However, they should not mistakenly be generalized to be viewed the same due to the decisions and actions that have set them on different paths. Having similar paths may allude to a similar future, however South Africa holds a larger amount of successful strides in establishing its own identity and stabilizing its territory, compared to the country of Nigeria, coming as a result of their reactions to colonizer-created ethnic divides. While in the process of comparing both Nigeria and South Africa, one stumbles upon vast amounts of similarities, such as their abilities to attract immigrants, their rich natural resources, and their clear ventures to consolidate democracy. However, the roles of each of these issues have been played out each in a unique manner. In the area of ethnic violence and conflicts, both South Africa and Nigeria are said to have been victim to their colonizer’s attempt to establish divides amongst their land, resulting in such an issue playing a significant role as a barrier to peace and stability. For example, seeing that until 1947, the colonial government and economy urged migration into Nigeria, it is said that the country is home to 250 ethnic groups with distinct languages and ideals and has undergone a great deal of chaos due to its diverse background. This colonial greed not only brought all-kinds to the land, it brought corruption also. Ethnicity took the form of political parties and the main ethnicities faced off resulting in a mass amount of corruption and chaos. With power given to the Igbo and
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the Yoruba groups, two of the most powerful and major ethnic groups of the country, competition sprung over control of Nigeria. It is necessary to understand power over sectors of Nigeria was initially given to both groups prior to independence and as independence arrived, the conflict simply grew stronger. For example, rather than focusing on establishing peace and representing the people, political parties such as the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons and the Northern People’s Congress allied to force the Action Group (the Yoruba) out of the government scope, in order to consolidate power, resulting in a mass revolt and the establishment of a state of emergency. Conflicts such as these continue in Nigeria and serve as one of the many barriers to stability. The amount of corruption from this tug-of-war over power has instilled itself into the country, and many attempts to soften this ethnic elite feud have gone somewhat unsuccessful due to the amounts of corruption and manipulation that has stood in Nigeria’s powerful positions prior to even its independence.
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Take Home Final PSCI - Monika Zota PSCI 1024 FINAL PART I...

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