E-INDEX - Index A.S.T.M.-standard 451 abrasion 183...

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Unformatted text preview: Index A.S.T.M.-standard 451 abrasion 183 accelerometer 403 accident prevention 106 accident prevention regulation 106, 116 acoustic emission 402 f. active hydro-mechanical drawing 189-193 actuator 94, 97, 326, 329 adding-on process 500, 502 additive 184 –, EP additive 463 adhesion 182 AISI-standard 451 all-across perforating press 314 alloyed steel 174 alloying technique 121 alternating bending 384 aluminium 178, 453 aluminium alloy 178 angular section 377 annealing 423, 455, 458 ANSI-standard 117 austenitic chromium nickel steel 174, 177 automatic 257 automation 478 availability 320, 389, 395, 399 average forming pressure 472 axis control system 257 f. backward cup extrusion 440, 445, 447, 474 f. backward extrusion 433 f. baked enamel-coated lamination 301 bake-hardening-steel 174, 176 ball joint gib 39 bar holder 457 bar stock 455 basic section geometry 374 batch size 396 f., 399 beading 169, 375 –, draw bead 149 beading rod 22 bed plate 34, 37 bending 23, 425 - with linear die movement 16 - with rotary die movement 16 –, springback 23 –, overbending 23 bending 431 bending angle 366, 370 bending die 372 bending force 372 bending process 366-373, 435 bending punch 372 bending radius 366 –, minimal 368 bending work 372 bent leg 370 bevel angle 275 bevelled punch 275 billet heating 521 billet preparation 454-459, 522 bimetal coin 528, 535 f. bite cutting 21 blade holder 285 blank control and discharge device 529, 532 blank diameter 162-165 blank discharge 531 blank feeder 226 f. blank holder 45-48, 66-70, 156160, 171, 185, 187, 190, 250 –, force versus time profile 45 –, overload safety device 67 –, precision control 45 –, segmented 313 blank holder force 44, 47 f., 171 f. blank holder pressure 171 blank holder slide 41, 158 blank length 370 blank size 162 blank turnover station 217-222 blank welding line 311 blanking 23, 268 –, blanking line 20 –, single-stroke 20 blanking burr 337, 347, 349 blanking clearance 281, 295, 334, 457 f. blanking die 143 f. –, compound cutting tool 20, 297, 299, 304, 351 blanking force 274, 276 f., 332, 342, 356 f. blanking force-stroke diagram 334 blanking line 284-329, 389, 398 blanking plate 352-355 blanking press 286-289 blanking process 268-283 blanking punch 354 f. blanking segment 144 blanking shock 83 blanking work 274, 276 f. block hydraulic system 79 bolster plate 37, 88, 91-93 bottom dead center (BDC) 52 f. bottom drive 57, 59, 507 f., 525 bottom thickness 446 bottom-driven press 37 boundary friction 180 boundary layer 180, 182 bracket 144 brake 61-63, 226 –, hydraulic 293 –, rotating brake system 285 f. brake frame 284 f. brass 454 breaking 19, 21 buckling 415, 418, 424 –, free buckling length 418 f. buckling strength 189 f. Metal Forming Handbook / Schuler (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 Index buckling stress 495 bursting 415, 418, 425 coil thickness unit 292 coiling 17 coin 526-541 –, bimetal 528, 535 f. –, collector’s 534 coin blank 526 coin blanking line 526-541 coining 8, 433-436 coining die 534 cold coining 436 cold extrusion 8 f., 433 f., 439, 445, 506 –, backward cup/can extrusion 10, 440, 445, 447, 474 f. –, backwards 10, 433 f. –, forward cup/can extrusion 440 –, forward rod extrusion 445, 447 f., 469-473 –, forward tube extrusion 474 –, forwards 10, 433 f. –, hot extrusion 445 –, lateral 10, 433 f. –, warm extrusion 445 cold forging flow curve 451 cold forging tool steel 498 f. cold forming 26, 437-439, 450 cold rinsing 462 f. cold sizing 523 cold welding 182 cold-rolled sheet 174 collector’s coin 534 collision testing 136 column gib 39 communication module 100 communication system 97 f., 257 compact drive 63, 201 compensation factor 370 f. component of a die 143 compound cutting tool 20, 297, 299, 304, 351 compression/upsetting 27 f., 405, 407, 410, 435, 445, 476 f. –, free 477 concentricity tolerance 446 connecting rod 38, 65 f., 120 –, double fork 293, 295 contact condition 415 contact pattern 148 container 434 f., 491, 494 continuous stroking 52 contour blanking line 289 f. contoured blank 289 control component 99 f. control concept 255 control function 96 control software 104 control system 254-267 –, architecture 101 f. –, configuration 101 f. –, electrical 94, 97 –, functional grouping 101 –, functional structure 99 f. –, local 255 –, programmable logic controller (PLC) 97, 102, 257, 321 f. –, structure 97 f. control system 321 –, conventional 257 –, electronic 257 control unit 95 f., 258, 327 conventional control system 257 conversion 116 cooling element 121 cooling system 520 copper 177, 453 f. copper alloy 174, 177 copper sheet 174 correction factor 173 corrugating 17 counterbalance of masses 202, 293 counter-drawing 44, 159, 161, 190, 200, 232 counterforce 332, 342, 353, 355357, 360 counterforce cylinder 426 counterforce piston 361 f. counterpressure pad/punch 20, 406 f., 421, 427 f. counterpunch 434 coupling 61-63, 120, 226 –, hydraulic 293 crack detection 122 crank drive 54 cropping shear 288, 316 f. cross section change 471 cross section deformation 369 crossbar 245 f., 249 f. crossbar transfer 245 f. –, displacement/time diagramm 246 –, motion curve 245 cup extrusion 433 f. cushion monitoring system (CMS) 264 cut contour perimeter 278 cut out 23 cut surface 274, 349 cutlery embossing press 523 cut-off holder 457 cutting 424 cut-to-length line 287, 290 cut-to-length shear 286, 288, 380 CVD technique 500-502 cycle time 198 545 CAD data 131 calibrating 431, 436 f. calibration 405, 407 calibration pressure 406 calibration process 410, 432 cam operated limit switch 98, 100 cam wheel 120 camera monitoring system 318 camping rail 480 f. camshaft 316 car body panel 129 carbid 499 f. carbon content 450 f. carriage 245 cassette feed 539 casting 120 casting model/pattern 130, 136 casting of dies 143-148 CE mark 108, 110 f., 113 CE marking 111-115 center of force 278 f. centering 440, 474 f. centering device 204 central burst 475 central control desk 258 central support 360-362 certification 106-119 characteristic data 49-54 chevron 475 circuit diagram 101 circular bending 16 f. circular blade 268, 286 circular shears 284 clamp stripper 316 clamping plate 318, 320 clamping rail 92 cleaning 460 closed blanking 268 closed contour 289 closed die forming 8, 433 closed section 377 closed shearing guide 458 f. closing system 503 f. clutch-brake-combination 314 CNC feeder 227 f. coating 5, 143, 501 f. coating method 143, 146 coefficient of friction 179-181 coil 194, 288, 389, 391, 398 coil end welding machine 380 coil guide 356 f. coil line 194-198, 229, 287, 291 f., 305, 391 coil loop 194 f., 286-288 Metal Forming Handbook / Schuler (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 Index cylinder –, counterpressure 426 –, differential 426 –, displacement 250 –, horizontal 406 f., 416 f., 420 f., 426-428 –, hydraulic 39, 75 –, parallelism controlling 252 –, plunger 426 cylinder deactivation 215 d/s ratio 274 damping 82 f. data acquisition 264 data record 130 DC asynchronous motor 100 declaration of conformity 110-114 decoiler 194, 284, 288 deep drawing 11 f., 22, 156-193 - using active energy 12 - using active media 12 - without blank holder 174 –, blank holder 11, 22 –, forming force 157 –, hydro-mechanical drawing 12, 189-193 –, punch motion 11 –, redrawing 11 –, reverse drawing 11 –, single-draw 11 –, telescopic punch 11 – with rigid tool 11 deep drawing defect 175 deep drawing press 41-44 deep drawing process 23 defect cause 175 defect prevention 175 deflection tolerance 446 deformation 25-28, 181, 410 –, dislocation 25 – faults in the arrangement of the atomic lettice 25 –, logarithmic 27 –, relative 27 –, sliding 25 –, true strain 27 –, twin crystal formation 25 deformation along the vertical axis 28 deformation depth 82 deformation rate 26, 28 deformation resistance 29 deformation work 30 –, referenced 29 f. degreasing 460, 462 degree of difficulty 342 degree of vibration 403 descaling 455, 460 destacker 217-222, 226, 229, 305, 389 dial feed plate 530 diameter related defect 530 diameter tolerance 446 die 158-160, 171, 185, 190, 425 –, assembly 136 –, blanking 143 f. –, center line spacing 126 –, classification 123-127 –, coining 534 –, compound cutting tool 20, 297, 299, 304, 351 –, design 130 f. –, development 128-141, 148 –, double-action 124, 245, 274, 398 –, draw 143 –, extrusion 485 –, flanging 127, 143 –, maintenance 153 –, number 123 –, production 421 –, profile parting 380 –, progressive 125, 282, 297 –, progressive blanking 125, 307, 356 –, progressive compound 126, 345, 351-353, 356 f. –, prototype 137 f., 421 –, rolling 380 –, single 124 –, special 127 –, step width 126 –, structure 123 –, swivelling 290 –, timing cycle 128 –, transfer 125, 345, 356 –, type 124, 351 –, wedge-action pusher 490 die bending 16, 372 die cavity insert 421 die change 86-93, 97, 228, 242, 249, 257, 261, 290, 308, 520 die change cart 87 f. die change synoptic 261 die changing arm 490 f. die changing system 426, 489 die changing time 397-399 die clamp 92 f. die clamping device 91-93 die coating 500 die coining 16, 327 die corner radius 171 die data 259 die design 491-495 die handling 86-91 die holder 488-490 die holding sleeve 485-491 die lubrication 358 die material 142 f., 422, 496-502 die opening angle 470, 472, 475 f. – for ironing 476 die set, set-up 397 die stroke-dependent sensor 363 die system 352 die width 372 die-independent pressure sensing 363 die-roll 337, 348 f. differential cylinder 426 digital image generation 401 digital rectifier 100 directive –, EC 107-109 –, EMC 107 – governing Simple Pressure Vessels 107 discharge plate 306 displacement 17 displacement cylinder 249 displacement/time diagram 55 distance sleeve 284 distribution of stress 140 f. dividing 5, 19 f., 457 double fork connecting rod 293, 295 double helical gearing 65 double knuckle-joint 361 double knuckle-joint system 208, 360 double loop line 380 double part 392 double stroke 537 double-action die 124, 245, 274, 398 double-action drawing operation 158 f. double-action drawing press 169 double-action press 41 f., 56, 173, 185 –, blank holder drive 60 –, drawing press 169 doubling 375 f. draft angle 465 draw bead 140, 149, 171 draw cushion 43, 44-48, 159 f., 241 f., 250, 264 –, hydraulic 44, 47 f. –, pneumatic 44, 47 f. –, segmented bed cushion 215 draw depth limit 186 draw development 130 f., 137 draw die 143, 159 draw energy 173 draw punch 156-160, 185, 187 draw ratio 166, 173, 187 547 Metal Forming Handbook / Schuler (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 Index drawing 10, 433 –, active hydro-mechanical 189-193 –, double-action 158 f. –, single-action 159 drawing defect 174 drawing mandrel 476 drawing process 476 drawing stroke 173 drawn wire 455 drive controller 97 drive motor 60 f. drive shaft 63 f. drive system 54-60 –, compact drive 63, 201 –, crank drive 54 –, eccentric drive 54, 510 –, hydraulic drive 76 –, knuckle-joint drive 55, 205, 513, 527, 534 –, link drive 55 f., 223, 529 –, longitudinal shaft drive 63-65 –, main drive 60, 66 –, overrun drive 87 f. –, pump drive 77 f. –, push-pull drive 87 –, servo drive 100 –, slide drive 37-41 –, top drive 59 –, transverse shaft drive 63 f. driver 144 drum turning device 220 drying 463 dual production 244, 394 dual stacking feeder 217 dual swivel-mounted decoiler 380 ductile castings 120 EC decree 107, 109 EC machine directive 107-109 eccentric drive 54, 510 eccentric shaft 201, 293 eccentric wheel 121 edge lettering 527 edge lettering machine 526 effective stress 416 efficiency factor 472 eight-track block gib 39 eight-track gib 39 f. – for high eccentric loads in the y direction 39 – for narrow side uprights 39 – for wide side uprights 39 – in cross formation 41 – roller gib 40 eight-track slide gib 509 ejector 158 f., 231, 233, 353, 355, 537 f. –, knock-out pins 41 –, pneumatic ejector 482, 487 ejector curve 482 ejector force 333, 353, 356, 358 ejector pin 333 –, inner form ejector 353 f. ejector stroke 481 electric motor lamination 296309 electrical control system 94, 97 electrical equipment 326 electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) 327, 329 electronic control system 257 elongation 449 –, effective stress 416 –, elongation limit 175 –, principal strain 416 –, strain rate 416 –, ultimate elongation 175, 423 embossing 15, 436 embossing block 144 embossing press 522-525 EMC directive 107 EN692 111 EN693 111 energy consumption 199 EP additive 463 equipment, electrical 326 error 262 error data 262 error message 259, 323 excess material 455, 466 exchangeable shear 284 exchanging the sleeves 489 expanding 15 expansion 405, 407, 425 –, free expansion 418 experience data base 267 extrusion die 485 extrusion of semi-finished products 8-10, 433 –, backwards 10 –, forwards 10 –, lateral 10 extrusion punch 494 failure diagnostics module 324 f. Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) 133 family of parts 392 fanning magnet 217 fast communication module 100 fast communication system 104, 258 fatigue wear 183 fault diagnostics 97 feasibility study 413-419 feed channel 479 feed height adjustment 362 feed hopper 529 f. feed output 194, 196 feed step 272 f. feed step pilot 356 f. –, embossing punch 357 feed system 518 feed unit 318 –, infeed roller 316 feed value 386 f. feed/straightening machine 195 feeder 217 f. –, blank 226 f. –, CNC 227 f. –, swing arm 226-228 feeder arm 245 feeding device 126 female blanking die 144 female die 158-160, 171, 185, 190 female die retaining plate 144 ferritic chromium steel 174, 176 fiber flow 441 field bus system 266, 329 filling slide 144 fine blanking 330-356 –, annular serrated blank holder 20 –, counterpressure pad 20 fine blanking capability 339 fine blanking oil 358 fine blanking press 360-365 finish processing 430 finite element method (FEM) 37, 140, 494 finite element program 467 fixed punch 352, 354, 360 fixed shear 287 flanged blade 284 flanging 13 flanging die 127, 143 flanging/hemming 23 flashless forging 502 flat radiator plate 208-210 flat steel 456 flexible notching system 301, 303 flexible production cell 303 flooding 520 flow 25 flow condition 25 f. flow curve 25 f., 30, 450 f. flow law 28 flow piercing process 435 flow stress 25 f., 29, 157, 438, 450, 453 fluid lubrication, hydro-dynamic 180 549 Metal Forming Handbook / Schuler (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 Index flying shear 288 flywheel 51-54, 60 f., 200, 293 foaming 380 folding 375 folding die 142 –, restrike edge bending die 144 force 29 f., 49-51, 53 –, bending force 372 –, blank holder force 44, 47 f., 171 f. –, blanking force 274, 276 f., 332, 342, 356 f. –, counterforce 332, 342, 353, 355-357, 360 –, direct/indirect application 29 –, forming 168, 173, 188 f., 472 –, friction force 179 f. –, mandrel friction force 476 –, pressing force 506 –, reaction force 188 f. –, restraining force 285 –, return stroke force 274 –, shearing force 458 –, slide force 188 f., 342 –, straightening force 388 –, vee-ring force 356 f., 360 force measurement 402 f. force requirement 282, 469-477 force-stroke diagram 50 force-time curve 292, 402 forged part 522 forging 91, 433, 437-439, 451f. –, flashless 502 –, hammer forging 7 forging hammer 38, 50 fork turning device 221 formability 25, 31, 450 formed element 343 forming 5 f. – after heating 26 – with a lasting change in strength property 26 – with temporary change in strength property 26 – without heating 26 amount of deformation 27, 157, 438, 449, 467, 471 –, maximum 470 forming by bending 6, 16 forming by forcing through an orifice 8 f., 433 forming distance 50 f., 54 forming efficiency factor 29 forming force 168, 173, 188 f., 472 forming pressure 472 –, average 472 – on the container wall 473 forming process 6 f. –, classification 6 forming under combined tensile and compressive conditions 6, 10-13 –, process 156 forming under compressive conditions 6-8 forming under shear conditions 6, 17 f. forming under tensile conditions 6, 14 f. –, process 156 forming work 53, 472 –, specific forming work 472 forward cup extrusion 440 forward extrusion 433 f. forward rod extrusion 469-473 forward tube extrusion 474 four-point configuration 39 four-upright press 426 f. fracture 346 frame press 426, 428 free buckling length 418 f. free expansion 418 free extrusion 8 f., 433, 435, 445, 448, 470, 475 f. free hydroforming 406 free upsetting 477 friction 179-185 –, solid body 180 friction force 179 f. friction modifier 184 frictional shear stress 180 full form casting 143 full-stroke parallelism control 81 f. gear 65 f., 519 gear drive 65 f. gearing 435 geometrical accuracy 443 f. geometry of the die 123 geometry of workpiece 123 glass fiber-reinforced thermoplastics 251 gluing 380 greasing 220, 455 gripper 479 gripper rail 35 guidance ratio 41 guidance system 134 guide plate 353 f. Guldin’s law 466 f. hammer forging 7 hardness 448 hardness testing 122 hat section 377 hazard analysis with risk assessment 114 heat ageing 453 heat treatment 369, 423 f., 449 f., 453, 457 f., 497 hemming/flanging 23 high speed cutting (HSC) 136 high-performance transfer press 200 high-pressure spray system 521 high-speed blanking line 291-297, 307, 391, 536 high-speed steel 497, 499 f. hole diameter 273 hole pattern 318 f. hollow face 275 home try-out 130 hopper 529, 531 horizontal cylinder 406 f., 416 f., 420 f., 426-428 horizontal press 513 f. host computer 427 hot extrusion 445 hot forging flow curve 451 hot forging tool steel 498-500 hot forming 26, 437-439, 506 hot forming line 520-522 hot rinsing 462 f. hot rolling 456 –, hot-rolled coil stock 456 hybrid press 203-205 hydraulic brake 293 hydraulic coupling 293 hydraulic cylinder 39, 75 hydraulic drive 76 hydraulic medal minting press 540 hydraulic oil 77 –, compressibility 78 hydraulic press 38, 73-85 –, cycle time 74 –, displacement/time diagram 74 –, drive 73-77 –, drive power 73 –, slide cylinder 75 hydraulic redundancy 97 hydraulic system 76 –, service unit 77 –, valve control system 77 hydro-dynamic fluid lubrication 180 hydroforming 405-432 –, component development 413 –, cycle time 429 –, fields of application 412 551 Metal Forming Handbook / Schuler (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 Index –, free hydroforming 406 –, tool-dependent hydroforming 406 Hydro-Mec forming process 187 hydro-mechanical deep drawing 185-189 hydro-mechanical reverse drawing 185 hydrostatic pressure 73 image generation, digital 401 image processing 401 impact speed 57, 199, 204, 289, 509 inclined conveyor 517 indexing unit 298 individual electrical control device 97 induction welding 311-313 industrial PC 103, 322 f., 329 infeed roller 316 infeed table 316 inflation limit 418 initial blanking stop 356 f. inner form ejector pin 353 f. inner form punch 353, 355 input weight 442 input/output module 104, 266, 326 input/output system 97, 257, 329 intermediate annealing 423, 458 intermediate heat treatment 467 intermediate storage 397 f. intermediate treatment 450 f. internal pressure 417 international unit system 31 interrupt input 102 investigation part handling 478, 481-484, 506 involute gearing 466 ion implantation 500 iron phosphate layer 461 ironing 10, 435, 440, 445, 447 f., 475 f. ironing die 435 ironing die ring 476 JIS standard 451 job data acquisition 264 job management 321 joining 5, 23 - through forming 6 just-in-time production 398 knock-out pin 41 knuckle-joint drive 57, 205, 513, 527, 534 –, curve 59 –, double knuckle-joint system 208, 360 f. –, knuckle-joint bottom drive 208, 523 –, modified 58 f., 528 –, modified knuckle-joint top drive 509 f. –, pressing force 58 knuckle-joint press 55, 507 f., 525 L section 377 lamination stack 301 large-panel transfer press 125, 391, 393, 396 – crossbar transfer 243-250, 391, 398 – tri-axis transfer 234-243, 391 f., 398 laser welding 311, 313 lateral extrusion 433 f., 477 layout 400 lead 454 lead press 225 –, double-action 225 leg length 371 length 14 lift beam 245 f., 249 lifting bridge 45 lifting edge 126 light alloy 174 limiting draw ratio 167, 187 line operating and information system 321 line operation 259 link 66 link drive 55 f., 223 link drive system 529 link-driven press 55 load, off-center 37, 80 f., 214 loading 393 loading station 479-481 loading system 517 local control unit 255 locking bead 22 locking device 84 f. lock-out-plate 118 lock-out-procedure 117 long section 380 longitudinal knife 268 longitudinal seam welding 380 longitudinal shaft 64 longitudinal shaft drive 63-65 lower elongation limit 175 low-voltage switchgear 97 lubricant 179, 181, 422, 460, 463 lubricant film 180 lubrication 72, 179-185 –, hydro-dynamic fluid lubrication 180 lubrication pocket 358 f. lubrication system 361 f., 520 machine and production data 260 - 262 –, acquisition 262 machine tool 1 machining allowance 439, 465 magnetic belt conveyor 217 main drive 60, 66 maintenance 267, 321 maintenance back-up 105 maintenance capability 320 maintenance instruction 259 maintenance interval 321 maintenance module 324 malfunction diagnostics system 261 mandrel 434 mandrel friction force 476 manufacturer’s declaration 111 manufacturing process 5 material 174-179, 423 f., 450-454 material cohesion 6, 25 material feed 305 material flow 26-28, 339 material number 174 material pair 181 material saving 269 material selection 338 material stress 339 material usage 125 material utilization 271, 273, 356 maximum friction condition 180 maximum true strain 470 mean pressure 31 mechanical hydraulic press 203 mechanical press 38, 49-72 –, design 63 medal minting press 537 metal flow 140, 148, 157, 398, 400, 468 metal forming technology 1, 6, 19, 123 micro-alloyed steel 174, 177, 450 minimal bending radius 368 minting line 526-541 modified knuckle-joint 514 modified knuckle-joint drive 58 f., 528 modified knuckle-joint top drive 509 f. 553 Metal Forming Handbook / Schuler (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 Index modified top drive 205-207 modifying material property 5 molybdenum disulphide 462 molycoting 460 f. monobloc press frame 360, 528 f. monobloc structure 514 moving bolster 89 f., 152, 228, 248-250, 290 moving punch 352 f., 360 moving stripper 316, 318 multiple pressing 431 multiple stroke 537 multiple-point press 39 multiple-station press 508-512 multi-point controller 149 NC machining 134 near net shape component 447 necking 449 net shape component 447 net shape production 485 networking capability 104 nibbling 20 nitriding 500, 502 noise protection 228 noise reduction 289 nominal load 52 f. normal annealing 424 normal contact stress 180 f. normal force 179 normalization 458 f. notch impact strength 449 notching 431 notching device 317 notching machine 297 –, single notch blanking 297 –, automatic notching machine 299 notching system 299 number of presses 224 off-center load 37, 80 f., 214 offset punch 275 oil flow 72 oiling 220 omega section 377 one-point configuration 39 on-line control 401 on-line monitoring 105 open contour 268 open contour blanking 268 open die forming 7, 433, 476 open front press design 34 open shears 458 f. opening angle 370 operating and information system 324 operating and visualization system 94-96, 258 operating capability 320 operating instruction manual 114 f. operating mode 256 operator console 95 operator prompt synoptic 260 operator station 95, 258 optoelectronic system 401 OSHA 117 outfeed roller 316 f. output 394 f. overbending 23 overload safety device 54, 66 f. overrun drive 87 f. pallet changeover 383 panel retaining block 144 panel structure 514 parallel lift mechanism 153 parallelism control system 80, 215 parallelism controlling cylinder 80, 252 parallelism of the slide 80-82 parameter 51 f. part discharge 306, 308 part drawing 130 part family 394, 398 part transfer 131, 478-484 part-dependent tooling 154, 238, 245 peeling 456 pendent control unit 258, 326 penetration depth 294 f. penetration depth control 293296 perforating press 314-320 perforating punch 316 phosphating 455, 460 f., 463 phosphor-alloyed steel 174, 176 pickling 460, 462 piercing 23, 431, 440 piercing module 214 piercing process 435 pilot pin 126, 356 pilot series 129 f. pint holding plate 250 piston rod 39 pitch 273 pivoting slide plate 151 plasma nitriding 502 plastic press 251 f. plate-type brake 285 plunger 426 pneumatic 70 pneumatic ejector 482, 487 pneumatic pad 487 pointed face/finish 275 positioning module 100 positive press-off pin 356 f. power 49 power supply 97 precision blanking 330 preform 423-425, 454 pre-forming 425 pre-graphitizing 522 pre-heat-treated steel 450 preliminary drawing 455 pre-production series 130, 138 pre-run 136 press –, blanking 286 f. –, bottom-driven 37 –, characteristics 149 –, deep drawing 41-44 –, displacement-related 37 –, double-action 41 f., 56, 173, 185 –, embossing 522-525 –, fine blanking 360-365 –, force-related 37 –, high-speed blanking line 291-297, 307, 391, 536 –, horizontal 513 f. –, hybrid 203-205 –, hydraulic 38, 73-85 –, knuckle-joint 55, 507 f., 525 –, link-driven 55 –, mechanical 38, 49-72 –, mechanical hydraulic 203 –, perforating 314-320 –, single-action 43 f., 169, 173 –, sizing 522-525 –, straight-sided 297 –, top-driven 37 –, try-out 391 –, universal 198-208, 391 –, work-related 38 press bed 37 press bus system 257 f. press construction 33 f. press control system 94-105, 320-329 –, electrical equipment 94 –, function 94 –, functional structure 98 f. –, structure 97 press crown 34, 37, 66 press frame 34-37 –, configuration 36 –, monobloc 36 –, multiple part 36 press line 124, 222-228, 391 f. press load schedule 396 f. 555 Metal Forming Handbook / Schuler (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 Index Press Management System (PMS) 262 press synoptic 260 press through process 476 press type 33 f. pressing force 506 pressure –, hydrostatic 73 –, mean 31 pressure accumulator drive system 77 f. pressure block 127 pressure column 45 f., 250 pressure control system 101 pressure identifier 427 pressure medium 406 f. pressure medium reservoir 185 pressure pad 250 pressure pattern 133 pressure pin 250 pressure plate 144 pressure point 66 f., 172, 293, 316 pressure sensing, dieindependent 363 pre-stretching process 190 primary shaping 5 principle deformation 28 principle strain 416 principle stress 25 f. process combination 22-24, 437, 440 process control 137 process data acquisition 403 process monitoring 402 process plan 123, 130 f. process simulation 138 process visualization 95, 322 processing plan 123, 467 f. processing time 394 production capacity 395 production cell 320 production cycle 398 f. production data 262, 399 production data acquisition 264, 321 production die 421 production log 321 production log information 324 production requirement 393 production scope 393 production stroking rate 394 f. profile 376 f. profile parting die 380 profile roll changeover 381 programmable logic controller (PLC) 97, 102, 257, 321 f. programming 105 –, sequentional 102 progressive blanking die 125, 307, 356 progressive compound die 126, 345, 351-353, 356 f. progressive die 125, 282, 297 properties of the cut surface 346 prototype die 137 f., 421 prototype part 130 pump drive 77 f. punch 159, 353 –, bending 372 –, bevelled 275 –, blanking 354 f. –, counterpunch 434 –, draw 156-160, 185, 187 –, extrusion 494 –, fixed 352, 354, 360 –, inner form 353, 355 –, moving 352 f., 360 –, offset 275 –, perforating 316 –, seal 406 f., 420 –, specific punch pressure 472 –, telescopic 11 punch bundling 23, 309 f. punch control beam 316 punch control unit 316 punch design 491-495 punch head 127 punch retaining plate 144 punch tightening rod 361 pusher 513 push-in clamp 92 push-pull drive 87 PVD process 500-502 quality assurance 321, 389, 400404 quality control 122, 400-404 quick die change system 192 rail section 376 rated press force 52 f., 57 reaction force 188 f. ready-to-run synoptic 260 f. recoiler 284 recovery annealing 458 f. recrystallization 26 recrystallization annealing 423, 458 f. recrystallization rate 26 recrystallization temperature 26 rectifier, digital 101 redraw 156 f., 167 reducing gear 120 reduction 9, 425 redundancy, hydraulic 97 reengineering 442 relative blanking force 274 relief 458 f. remote diagnostics 104 f.,321 repair 267, 321 residual risk 115 residual stress 122, 369 resistance to shear 274 resistance to wear 121 resistance welding 311, 313 restraining force 285 restrike block 144 restriking 16, 23 resuming operation 320 return stroke force 274 reverse drawing 159 –, hydro-mechanical 185 rib 170 rim length 273 rim width 273 rimming machine 526 robot 227 f. rocker element 290 rod extrusion 433 f. roll bending 16 roll bending radius 376 roll embossing 436 roll feed 194 f., 288, 292, 305 roll forming 17, 373-383 roll forming line 379 roll stand set 380 roller gib 40, 304, 314, 528 roller pitch 385-387 roller straightening 16, 383-389 roller straightening machine 385, 387 rolling 374, 433 –, cold rolling 7 –, hot forming 7 rolling die 380 rolling direction 366 rolling ring 284 rotary feed system 531 rotating brake system 285 f. rotating shears 288 round steel 455 running gear 466 run-up time 60 safety 106-119 safety control system 97, 99, 257 safety inventor level 397 f. safety measure 106 safety officer 119 safety requirement –, European 107-111 –, USA 117-119 557 Metal Forming Handbook / Schuler (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 Index sand blasting 460 sandwich coating 502 scale formation 438 scale forming 122 scale layer 460 scrap chute 144 screw press 38 SE project 130 seal punch 406, 420 seaming bed 127 secondary contour 407 section 376 f. –, basic section geometry 374 –, long 380 segment blank 301 segmented bed cushion 215 segmented blank holder 313 sensor 94, 97, 326, 329 separating device 479 sequential programming 102 series –, pilot series 129 f. –, pre-production series 130, 138 series run 149 series try-out 130 servo drive 101 set-up 257, 260 f. set-up time 86 shaft hole punch 300 shear 287 –, circular 284 –, cropping 288 –, cut-to-length 286, 288, 380 –, exchangeable 284 –, fixed 287 –, rotating 288 –, separating 316 f. –, stationary 287 f. –, swivel-mounted 287 shear cutting 19 f. sheared contour 274 shearing 457 shearing force 458 shearing guide 458 –, closed 458 f. shearing resistance 458 shearing strength 274 shearing stress hypothesis 25 f. shearing velocity 458 shearing work 458 shearing zone 269 shears, open 458 f. sheet metal forming 433 sheet metal thickness 140 Sheet Molding Compound (SMC) 251 sheet, cold-rolled 174 shrink fit 492 f. shrink ring 491, 493 SI unit 31 f. side cutter waste 273 side member 210-216 side shear 126 silicon bronze 453 simulation 415, 468 simulator 391 Simultaneous Engineering (SE) 128, 413 single cycle 257 single die 124 single notch blanking 297 single stroke 537 single stroke operation 394 single-acting deep drawing press 44 single-action downstream press 225 single-action drawing 159 single-action press 43, 169, 173 sintered part 522, 524 sizing operation 476 sizing press 522-525 sleeve clamping 488 slewing ring 299 slide 37, 66-70, 144, 159 –, blank holder 41, 158 slide adjustment 66 slide counterbalance 67 slide cushion 44, 69 slide drive 37-41 slide force 188 f., 342 slide gib 39, 360, 362 –, eight-track slide gib 509 –, gib type 39 f. slide impact speed 48 slide locking 83-85 –, non-positive acting 85 –, positive acting 84 slide position sensor 81 slide tilt 80, 134 slide velocity 180 f., 199 sliding component 136 sliding friction condition 179 sliding insert 421 slip-on gearing 466 slitting device 317 slitting line 284 f. slug preparation 454-459 small control system 266 smooth surface 334 f., 337, 347 soaping 460 f., 463 sodium soap 461 soft annealing 458 f. software system 321 solid body friction 180 solid forming 91, 433-542 –, choice of press 505 f. –, design rule 465 –, economic aspect 441-443 –, lot size 464 solid forward extrusion 445, 447 f. solutionizing 423 sorting and positioning element 127 sound enclosure 529 special die 127 specific blank holder pressure 171 specific forming work 472 specific punch pressure 472 speed drop 51- 54, 60 spindle pressure points 66 spinning –, roll head 13 –, spinning bush 13 –, spinning mandrel 13 splash ring 186 spotting fixture 150 spray system 521 springback 23, 140, 367, 372, 415 springback factor 367 f. stacking cart 290 stacking channel 308 stacking device 391 stacking line 290 stacking unit 253 f., 287 stamping nut 127 f. stamping plant 389-400 –, layout 389, 391 stand changeover 382 standstill 263 standstill data 262 start-stop-line 379 start-up 101, 320 stationary shear 287 f. steel 120, 450-452 –, alloyed 174 –, austenitic chromium nickel 174, 177 –, bake-hardening 174, 176 –, ferritic chromium 174, 176 –, flat 456 –, high-speed 497, 499 f. –, micro-alloyed 174, 177, 450 –, phosphor-alloyed 174, 176 –, pre-heat-treated 450 –, round 455 –, unalloyed 174, 176 –, warm/hot forging tool steel 498-500 steel castings 120 steep conveyor 479, 529 straightener 194, 288, 384 straightening 383 straightening by stretching 14 straightening force 388 559 Metal Forming Handbook / Schuler (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 Index straightening roller 385, 388 straight-sided press 34, 297 strain hardening 415, 423, 425, 432 stress –, effective 416 –, largest 28 –, mean 28 –, principle 25 f. –, smallest 28 stress relief annealing 122 stretch drawing 15, 22, 156-193 –, blank holder 22 stretch forming 14 f. strip drawing 10 strip layout 356 strip length 271, 273 strip perforating press 314, 318 strip width 270 f., 273 stripper 144, 269, 304, 315-319 stripper slide 316 stripping 274 stripping force 333, 355 f., 358 stroke adjustment 69 stroke limitation 82 f., 191, 250 suction cup 217 surface fatigue 183 surface hardening process 142, 146 surface quality 443 f., 447 f. surface treatment 457, 459-463 swing arm feeder 226-228 switch cabinet 258, 326 swivel bending 16 f. swivel mounted shear 287 swivelling bracket 86 swivelling die 290 synchronous overload clutch 533 synchronous tapered cup 365 synoptic 260 f. system of measurement, technical 32 T section 377 tailored blank 309-313 tapering 9 team work 320 tearing 19, 21, 346 technical system of measurement 32 telescopic roll set 380 tensile strength 174, 449 tensile test specimen 175 T-fitting 406 f., 409 thermoplastics, glass-fiber reinforced 251 f. thickness distribution 416 thickness related defect 530 three-phase asynchronous motor 100 tie rod 36 tilt moment 81 f. tilting block 127 tilting mechanism 479 tin 454 tin bronze 453 titanium 179, 454 titanium alloy 179 tolerance 444 tool see „die“ tool breakage safety system 363 tool data management 321, 323 tool-dependent hydroforming 406 tooling 391 –, part-dependent 154, 238, 245 tooling data input mask 96 top drive 59 top to tail arrangement 270 top-driven press 37 transfer 244 –, electrically driven transfer 239 –, motion curve 239 transfer die 125, 345, 355 transfer feed system 518 transfer press 35, 125, 229-234, 391 –, high-performance transfer press 201 –, large-panel transfer press 125, 391, 393, 396 transfer simulator 154 f. transformation annealing 121 transition radius 466 transport length 505 transportation time 198, 394 transverse shaft drive 63 f. tri-axis transfer 201, 231 f., 238 tribology 179 trimming 23, 435 trimming module 214 triple stroke 537 troubleshooting 101, 321 try-out 136 –, home try-out 130 –, series try-out 130 try-out center 152 f. try-out equipment 148-154 try-out press 148, 391 T-slot 88, 92 T-slot clamp 92 T-track 90, 152 f., 228, 290 tube extrusion 433 f. tube section 456 tubular blank 414, 416, 424 f. tumbling 460 turning device 44 turnover device for blank stacks 220 turnover station 227 –, blank turnover station 217-222 –, drum turning device 220 –, fork turning device 221 twisting 18 two-point configuration 39 two-point slide drive 506 type test 111 U/C section 376 ultimate elongation 175, 423 ultrasound detection 122 unalloyed steel 174, 176 undercut 466 unit of measurement 31 f. unit system, international 31 universal minting press 534 universal press 198-208, 391 universal station 155, 228, 238, 247 upright 34 upset ratio 467 upsetting 440, 477 upsetting die 435, 476 upsetting/compression 27 f., 405, 407, 410, 435, 445, 476 f. uptime 395 used machine 116 utilization rate 398 f. valve 79 valve block 72 variation in diameter 466 vee-ring 332, 335 vee-ring force 356 f., 360 vee-ring piston 361 f. vee-ring plate 353 f. vibrating conveyor 479 vibration characteristic 295 viscosity 183 visualization 96 volume calculation 466 volume constancy 28, 443 volumetric adjustment 467 V-prism gib 39 wall friction 469 wall thickness 465 wall thickness tolerance 446 warm extrusion 445 warm forging 438 f., 451 warm forming 437, 506 warm forming line 520-522 561 Metal Forming Handbook / Schuler (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 Index washing/cleaning machine 219 waste chute 144 water container 185, 187 f., 190 wear 179-185 wear at surface layer 182 wear mechanism 179, 181 f. wear resistance 183 wear resistant coating 500 wedge adjustment 66, 486-488 wedge-action cutting 19, 21 wedge-action pusher die 490 wedge-type clamps 490 wide strip section 377 wire 454 f. wire feed device 512 work 29 f., 49-54, 506 f –, bending 372 –, blanking 274, 276 f. –, deformation 30 –, draw energy 173 –, forming 53, 472 – velocity 506 work hardening 339 work requirement 282, 469-477 working period 395, 398 wrinkle bulging 13 wrinkling 140 f. X-ray detection 122 yield strength 449 –, lower yield strength 175 Z section 377 zinc 454 zinc phosphate layer 461 zinc soap layer 461 zirconium 454 563 Metal Forming Handbook / Schuler (c) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998 ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/04/2010 for the course ACC 411 taught by Professor Kim during the Spring '08 term at Aberystwyth University.

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