Homework_Assignment_5 answers

Homework_Assignment_5 answers - Name_Tiffany Kwok Arpi...

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Name: ____Tiffany Kwok___ Arpi- Section 033 1 Homework Assignment 5 Chapter 17: Social Psychology 1. Define social psychology . Give an example of how situations can affect behavior. Social psychology is “the scientific study of the ways that people’s behavior and mental processes are shaped by the real or imagined presence of others” (textbook 606). In situations that have consist of doing the same task as other people who are present tend to work faster than if they were to work alone. 2. Discuss social facilitation. What types of behaviors are improved by social facilitation? What types of behavior are impaired by social facilitation? Social facilitation is when the performance of a person improves when coactors or an audience is present. By social facilitation, performance increased, however it impaired the accuracy of the task. 3. What is deindividuation? Describe the famous study in figure 17-2. Deindividuation is when a “certain group situations can minimize the salience of people’s personal identities, reduce their sense of public accountability, and in doing so produce aggressive or unusual behavior” (textbook 608). In the study in figure 17-2, people who were alone didn’t perform tasks that were wrong compared to people who weren’t alone. 4. Define bystander effect , pluralistic ignorance , and diffusion of responsibility . How do pluralistic ignorance and diffusion of responsibility affect bystander intervention? Bystander effect is when many people are present but no one helps. Pluralistic ignorance is when “everybody in the group misleads everybody else by defining the situation as a nonemergency” (textbook 610). Diffusion of responsibility is when an individual believes that it is not his or hers responsibility to call for help. 5. What are social norms? Give an example. Social norms are “implicit or explicit rules for acceptable behavior and beliefs” (textbook 609). An example of social norm is dressing up in aggressive-like attire to disguise a person. 6. Describe Asch’s conformity experiment. What were the results? In Asch’s conformity experiment, the participant was put into a group of around 10 people and was asked an obvious question. The participant was placed to answer second to last, and every person before was told to state an incorrect answer. By stating an incorrect answer, this made the participant change his or her answer every time. As a result, “the average participant conformed to the incorrect group consensus about a third of the time” (textbook
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Homework_Assignment_5 answers - Name_Tiffany Kwok Arpi...

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