Functional%20Anatomy%20of%20Prokaryotic%20and%20Eukaryotic%20CellsSV

Functional%20Anatomy%20of%20Prokaryotic%20and%20Eukaryotic%20CellsSV

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1 Functional Anatomy of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Prokaryotic Cells ± Comparing prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells ± Prokaryote comes from the Greek words for ____________________ ± Eukaryote comes from the Greek words for _____________________ P r o k a r y o t e E u k a r y o t e ± One circular chromosome, not in a membrane Paired chromosomes, in nuclear membrane ± No histones ________________ ± No membrane-bound organelles Organelles ± Peptidoglycan cell walls Polysaccharide cell walls ± ____________________ Mitotic spindle ± Average size: 0.2 -1.0 μm × 2 - 8 μm ± Basic shapes: ± Unusual shapes ± Star-shaped Stella ± Square Haloarcula ± Most bacteria are _________________________ ± A few are _________________________ Arrangements ± Pairs: Diplococci, diplobacilli ± Clusters: ± Chains: Streptococci, streptobacilli Glycocalyx ± Outside cell wall ± ± A capsule is neatly organized ± A slime layer is unorganized and loose ± Extracellular polysaccharide allows cell to attach ± Flagella ± ± Made of chains of flagellin ± Attached to a protein hook ± Anchored to the wall and membrane by the basal body
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Functional%20Anatomy%20of%20Prokaryotic%20and%20Eukaryotic%20CellsSV

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