baileych5notes - American Pageant APUSH Chapter 5 Colonial...

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American Pageant APUSH Chapter 5 – Colonial Society on the Eve of the Revolution, 1700-1775 I. Conquest by the Cradle 13 colonies were part of 32 British colonies in North America by 1775, including Canada, the Floridas, islands (Jamaica) In rebelling colonies, population was growing quickly o Some from immigration; most from natural births o Bulk was east of Appalachians; by 1775, some had gone to KY, TN - Daniel Boone (1750s) and Scots-Irish II. A Mingling of the Races Colonial America a melting pot o Most English o Germans in PA – Lutheran o Scots-Irish – Scot Lowlanders who were Presbyterian In west PA (Alleghenies), MD, VA Shenandoah Valley, western Carolinas Lawless and individualistic Whiskey distilling Led armed march of Paxton Boys on Philadelphia in 1764 protesting Quaker’s lenient Indian policy Regulators of NC led an insurrection against eastern domination of colonial affairs o Others – French, Welsh, Dutch, Swedes, Jews, Irish, Swiss, Scots Highlanders South – held about 90% of the slaves in the colonies; already had black/white composition New England – least diverse Middle Colonies – most ethnically diverse III. The Structure of Colonial Society With exception of slavery, America was land of equality and opportunity o No titled nobility, no paupers By 1775 – more stratified because of war o Top – aristocrats – leading planters, merchants, lawyers, officials, clergy o Lesser professional men o Yeoman farmers (owning land) o Lesser tradesmen, manual workers, hired hands o Indentured servants and jailbirds o Bottom – slaves IV. Clerics, Physicians, and Jurists By 1775, clergy less influential, but still occupied a place of prestige Physicians – poorly trained, not highly regarded o 1765 – 1 st medical school established Many served as apprentices, then became “doctors” Bleeding common, frequently fatal Barbers called if MD not available Plagues common – smallpox, diphtheria
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American Pageant APUSH Lawyers – not originally favored; by 1750, trained attorneys recognized as useful V. Workaday America 90% of people were in agriculture o MD, VA – tobacco o Middle colonies – grain o Southern colonies – rice, indigo Fishing (and whaling) o Pursued in all colonies, but especially New England o Stimulated shipbuilding and seamanship Commerce/trade everywhere o New England involved in Triangular Trade Fish, grain, lumber from colonies to West Indies for sugar and molasses, which were exchanged in England for manufactured goods Rum to Africa and exchanged for slaves, slaves sold in West Indies for sugar and molasses, which was distilled into rum in New England Lumbering in all colonies o Naval stores – tar, pitch, rosin, turpentine o Especially important in NC By 1730s – colonists needed markets outside of Britain to sell products. A trade imbalance was produced because Britain could not absorb all colonial products; colonial imports > exports
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This note was uploaded on 10/31/2010 for the course ACT 101 taught by Professor Jenkins during the Spring '10 term at Alabama State University.

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baileych5notes - American Pageant APUSH Chapter 5 Colonial...

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