baileych11notes - Chapter 11 The Triumph and Travails of...

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Chapter 11 – The Triumph and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic, 1800-1812 I. Federalist and Republican Mudslingers Election of 1800 – candidates o Federalists – waged a defensive struggle for strong central government and public order John Adams – incurred enemies with Alien and Sedition Acts Party split when some supported Alexander Hamilton He attacked Adams in a private pamphlet which the Jeffersonians got hold of and used against him Federalists – damaged by preparations for a war with France that never materialized under Adams Military preparations and growth of navy swelled public debt and raised taxes with no result o Democratic-Republicans (Jeffersonian Republicans) Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr (2) Jefferson attacked by “whispering campaigns” – accused of robbing a widow and her children of trust fund (untrue), fathering children by his slaves (true), attacked for his liberal view of religion (sep. of church/state). New England Congregationalists (Federalists) attacked TJ for alleged atheism. II. The Jeffersonian “Revolution of 1800” (1) D-R won but Constitution did not distinguish between Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates – electoral votes were cast and the person with the most became President, 2 nd most became VP Jefferson and Burr received the same number of votes Threw election into the House of Representatives o On 36 th ballot, TJ elected President. Hamilton influenced the Federalists, they hated Burr so Hamilton pushed for moderation with TJ. Led to passage of 12 th amendment (1804) – electors now cast separate ballots for President and VP (basically, if vote for Pres, must vote for his running mate) Jefferson called the election a “revolution”, but not in a sense of political upheaval o Felt that Hamilton and Adams had betrayed the ideals of 1776 and 1787 and saw his mission as one to restore the republican experiment, check the growth of gov’t power, halt decay of virtues under Federalism o What was revolutionary was peaceful, orderly transfer of power from one party to another and election results accepted by all. John Adams was last (and only) Federalists president – party disappeared completely by Jackson’s time o Federalists did make some important contributions: Set forth principles and gov’t structures of Constitution Est. a strong central gov’t with concessions to localism Est. a sound financial system and encouraged a diversified economy In foreign affairs, sought to compromise with Britain and took a cautious stance toward the French Revolution III. Responsibility Breeds Moderation
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“Long Tom” Jefferson (“the Red Fox”) inaugurated March 4, 1801 in new capital city, Washington, DC o Strong belief in democratic ideals – spurned a coach and walked to inaug. In inaug. Address – will of the majority must in all cases prevail, but must equally
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This note was uploaded on 10/31/2010 for the course ACT 101 taught by Professor Jenkins during the Spring '10 term at Alabama State University.

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baileych11notes - Chapter 11 The Triumph and Travails of...

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