Ch-1._7-8_Review_for_Test - Advanced Placement United...

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Advanced Placement United States History The American Revolution Review for Test Chapters 7-8 1. Change in colonial policy by the British government that helped precipitate the American Revolution involved compelling the American colonists to shoulder some of the financial costs of the empire. 2. When it came to the Revolution, it could be said that the American colonists were reluctant revolutionaries. 3. In a broad sense, America was a revolutionary force from the day of its discovery by Europeans. 4. The American colonial exponents of republicanism argued that a just society depends on the willingness of all citizens to subordinate their private interests to the common good. 5. Republican belief held that the stability of society and the authority of the government depended on the virtue of its citizenry. 6. The “radical Whigs” feared the arbitrary power of the monarchy. 7. Mercantilists believed that a country’s economic wealth could be measured by the amount of gold and silver in its treasury. 8. The founding of the American colonies by the British was undertaken in a haphazard manner. 9. Under mercantilist doctrine, the American colonies were expected to do all of the following: a. Supply Britain with raw materials not available there b. Furnish ships, seamen, and trade to bolster the strength of the Royal Navy c. Provide a market for British manufactured goods d. Refrain from exporting woolen cloth. 10. The first Navigation Laws were designed to eliminate Dutch shippers from the American carrying trade. 11. The British Parliament enacted currency legislation that was intended primarily to benefit British merchants. 12. The British Crown’s “royal veto” of colonial legislation was used sparingly by the British Parliament. 13. Under the mercantilist system, the British government reserved the right to do all of the following regarding the American colonies: a. Restrict the passage of lax bankruptcy laws. b. Nullify any colonial legislation deemed bad for the mercantilist system. c. Restrain the colonies from printing paper currency. d. Enumerate products that must be shipped to Britain. 14. Before 1763, the Navigation Laws were only loosely enforced in the American colonies. 15. Despite the benefits of the mercantile system, the American colonists disliked it because it kept them in a state of perpetual economic adolescence. 16. In some ways, the Navigation Laws were a burden to certain colonists because they stifled economic initiative (the ability to be creative economically).
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17. A new relationship between Britain and its American colonies was initiated in 1763 when George Grenville assumed charge of colonial policy. 18. Know each of the following: a. Sugar Act-first British law intended to raise revenues in the colonies b. Stamp Act-generated the most protest in the colonies c. Declaratory Act-asserted Parliament’s absolute power over the colonies 19. The first law ever passed by Parliament for raising tax revenues in the colonies for the
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Ch-1._7-8_Review_for_Test - Advanced Placement United...

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