Baroque Sacred Music - 4 th movement-Great free...

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Lesson 9 Baroque Sacred Music Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) o Born 1685 in Eisenach, Germany o Parents died at age 10, Bach moved in with brother o 1708: appointed as organist at Weimar o 1714: promoted to Konzertmeister at Weimar o 1717: appointed Kapellmeister at Cothen, where he worked for Prince Leopold o 1723: Hired as Kantor for city of Leipzig Baroque Lutheran Cantata o Multi-movement work based on Lutheran chorale Chorale - Monophonic congregational song for Lutheran church - Tuneful, easy to sing - Bach made many harmonization’s of chorale melodies - Also “Chorale Prelude,” “Chorale Fantasy,” etc. o Cantata structure Elaborate work about 30 min long Recitatives, arias, choruses Usually finished with homophonic setting of chorale tune o Example: J.S. Bach Cantata 140 Wachet auf, Ruft uns die Stimme (IV, VII) Bach wrote ca. 200 Lutheran cantatas for Leipzig churches Chorale “Sleepers Awake”
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Unformatted text preview: 4 th movement-Great free counterpoint • Beautiful melody in strings • Tenors sing chorale melody against it 7 th Movement-Homophonic setting of chorale melody-Congregation probably joined in for this part • George Frideric Handel (1685-1759) o Born in Germany o More cosmopolitan than Bach – Italy and England o Works Every major genre of the baroque era Instrumental music (concertos, sonatas, etc.) Italian operas English oratorios-Sacred work for concert performance (not part of liturgy)-Recits, arias, choruses-Essentially a sacred opera without staging, scenery, or costumes-Handel perfected the oratorio in England-Performed during lent in London -The Messian (1741): most famous oratorio in history. Lesson 9 o Handel’s melismas- long melisma from aria “Ev’ry valley shall be exalted” (typical of Handel’s style)...
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Baroque Sacred Music - 4 th movement-Great free...

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