MUSIC TEST 4 - MUSIC TEST 4 LESSON 17: 20TH Century...

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MUSIC TEST 4 LESSON 17: 20 TH Century Developments in the 20 th cent. -advances in technology, medicine -huge population growth -economic growth -higher standard of living -2 major world wars, several smaller ones Modernism -deliberate attempts to be innovative -reaction against 19 th cent traditions -Art: movement toward abstraction (Picasso, Kandinsky) Moderism in Music -rejection of traditional tonality -Atonality or modality -different scales: -pentatonic scale (from non-western music) -whole-tone scale(lack the half-steps that define tonal centers) -“tall chords”, tone clusters, quarters harmony -Rhythmic complexity, melodic unpredictability -New sounds: (recorded sounds) -bigger orchestra (esp percussion) -electronic sounds Impressionism Artisist -Renoir “Woman with parasol” -Monet “Rouen Cathedral” Impressionism -movement in visual arts (late 19 th cent Paris) -Monet, Renoir, Degas -Vague outlines, lots of light-play—misty, atmospheric quality -“Symbolist” poets (Mallarme, Verlaine) tried to get a similar effect with words - Suggestion rather than direct statement Main Composer of Impressionist Movement: Claude Debussy (1862-1978); French -French composer living in Paris -child prodigy -exemplary student at the Paris Conservatoire
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-1884 Prix de Rome -Wagnerite at first, but went on new path ca. 1890 -Labeled an “impressionist” by critics -shimmering qualities -impressionist-sounding titles Debussy’s Musical Style -alternative scales -whole-tone scale -pentatonic scale -parallelism -tall chords -colorful orchestration -big orchestras, but used for color, not power -special effects: muted strings, harp glissandos **Ex. Debussy Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun (1894) -inspired by a poem by Stephane Mallarme (symbolist poet) -lush orchestration -atmospheric quality to the music -movement, but no harmonic direction -color more important than harmony Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971) -born in Russia -studied with Rimsky-Korsakov -Sergei Diaghilev & Ballets Russes -Dance Company based in Paris -Commissioned Stravinsky to write music for a ballet in 1909 - The Firebird (1910) -Moved to Paris in 1910 after success of Firebird More commissions from Diaghilev - Petrushka (1911) -based on Russian folklore -public & critical success -bitonality & polyrhythm - Rite of Spring ( 1913) -based on Russian folklore -riot at the premiere -most daring work to date -barbaric rhythms, suggestive dancing onstage -blaring dissonances **Ex. 2 Stravinsky: excerpts form The Rite of Spring (1913) -polychords
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-blaring dissonance -syncopations (hip hop beat in the “Mock Abduction” -huge orchestra w/lots of brass and percussion -difficult rhythms
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This note was uploaded on 11/06/2010 for the course MUS 300 taught by Professor Kennedy during the Spring '10 term at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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MUSIC TEST 4 - MUSIC TEST 4 LESSON 17: 20TH Century...

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