Minerals - Sulfides S Halides – Cl Br etc Oxides O...

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MINERALS Why Study Them?
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Useful elements Useful properties Building blocks of rocks and rocks make up the Earth
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MINERAL A naturally occurring, inorganic element or compound with an orderly internal structure and characteristic chemical composition, crystal form and physical properties.
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Fig. 9.14
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Minerals Chemistry Atoms, Bonding, Structure Classification Anion groups, Silicates Physical Properties Hardness, cleavage, other Radon Isotopes, radioactive decay
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Chemistry Atoms Bonding
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Fig. 9.3
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Fig. 9.4
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Fig. 9.5
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BONDING Ionic & Covalent
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Metallic Van der Waals
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Fig. 9.6a
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Chemistry Packing-Coordination Number Polymorphism Substitution-Solid Solution Impurities
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COORDINATION NUMBER
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Box 9.3.2 POLYMORPHISM GRAPHITE-DIAMOND
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Fig. 9.12 SUBSTITUTION CHARGE SIZE
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Fig. 9.2
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Minerals Chemistry Atoms, Bonding, Structure Classification Anion groups, Silicates Physical Properties Hardness, cleavage, other Radon Isotopes, radioactive decay
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Mineral Groups Native Elements
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Unformatted text preview: Sulfides - S Halides – Cl, Br, etc Oxides - O Carbonates – CO 3 Sulfates - SO 3 Phosphates - PO 3 Silicates -SiO Table 9.2 Fig. 9.7 Fig. 9.9 SILICATES Fig. 9.8 Fig. 9.11 Fig. 9.21b Minerals • Chemistry – Atoms, Bonding, Structure • Classification – Anion groups, Silicates • Physical Properties – Hardness, cleavage, other • Radon – Isotopes, radioactive decay Physical Properties Hardness Crystal Form Cleavage Fig. 9.15 ABSOLUTE HARDNESS Fig. 9.18 CRYSTAL FORM CLEAVAGE Fig. 9.19 CRYSTAL FORM VS CLEAVAGE Fig. 9.25 FRACTURE Minerals • Chemistry – Atoms, Bonding, Structure • Classification – Anion groups, Silicates • Physical Properties – Hardness, cleavage, other • Radon – Isotopes, radioactive decay Radon Radioactive Decay How does it kill you? Fig. 8.20 RADIOACTIVE DECAY Gamma Radiation, no loss or gain of electrons Fig. 8.21...
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Minerals - Sulfides S Halides – Cl Br etc Oxides O...

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