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CARDIOMYOPATHY I. Introduction: Cardiomyopathy literally means "heart muscle disease". There are several different types of cardiomyopathies but these can be categorized into two different groups; extrinsic cardiomyopathies and intrinsic cardiomyopathies. II. Description of the Disorder: A. Cardiomyopathy is a serious disease in which the heart muscle becomes inflamed and doesn't work as well as it should. B. The four main types of cardiomyopathy are: a) Dilated (congestive) cardiomyopathy b) Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy c) Restrictive Cardiomyopathy d) Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia C. Cardiomyopathy is a weakening of the heart muscle or a change in heart muscle structure. It is often associated with inadequate heart pumping or other heart function problems. D. Cardiomyopathy is an ongoing disease process that damages the muscle wall of the lower chambers of the heart. E. Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart involving a seriusly diminished capacity of the heart to pump blood. III.Probablilty of the disorder in the population: A. N/A B. " Cardiomyopathy can be acquired or inherited. 'Acquired' means you aren't born with the disease but you develop it due to another disease, condition, or factor. 'Inherited' means your parents passed the gene for the disease on to you. In many cases, the cause of cardiomyopathy isn't known. " (Cardiomyopathy, 2) C. Dilated cardiomyopathy : the most common type of the disease. It mostly occurs in adults aged 20 to 60. Men are more likely than women to have this type of cardiomyopathy. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy : very common and can affect people of any age. About 1 out of every 500 people has this type of cardiomyopathy. It affects men and women equally.
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Restrictive cardiomyopathy : tends to mostly affect older adults. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) : usually affects teens or young adults. It can cause SCA in young athletes. D.
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This note was uploaded on 11/06/2010 for the course SCIENCE 0202 taught by Professor Marlyn during the Spring '10 term at Temple.

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