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Running head: THE SWEDISH HEALTHCARE SYSTEM1The Swedish Healthcare SystemMeredith ReedDecember 8, 2019Southern New Hampshire University
2THE SWEDISH HEALTHCARE SYSTEMThe Swedish Healthcare SystemThe following paper will depict and explain the healthcare system of Sweden. In additionto the healthcare system, a detailed country profile will be provided with support from relevant and up-to-date resources. A country profile contains information about the current population andthe healthcare system. These two categories are broken down further in regard to mortality rate, birth rate, leading causes of death, current health care issues and infrastructure (World Health Organization, 2019). In this particular instance, Sweden was chosen due to it being one of the more advanced healthcare systems in the world, with high life expectancies, low infant mortality and equal healthcare access to the entire population (Holtz, 2017). Three major health issues in Sweden will also be discussed and explored. These health issues are broken down into detail to determine cause, and the interventions Sweden is taking to promote health. The purpose of this paper is to explore Sweden in-depth by looking at healthcare infrastructure as well as current health care issues present in the country. Country DetailsAccording to the Central Intelligence Agency (2019), Sweden currently has a population of approximately 10.4 million people, with the average life expectancy of the population being 82.2 years old. Also, in regard to the population, the Swedish have one of the lowest infant mortality rates at 2.6 deaths per every 1,000 live births (Central Intelligence Agency, 2019). In regard to geographical location, Sweden is located in Northern Europe, Sweden is also part of Scandinavia. The country is approximately the size of California (Holtz, 2017). The temperature in Sweden is typically subarctic climate, year-round (Central Intelligence Agency, 2019).In regard to government structure, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy (Holtz, 2017). The current king of the Swedish Monarchy is King Carl XVI Gustaf, who is serving as the 74th
3THE SWEDISH HEALTHCARE SYSTEMking of the country (Sampson, 2015). Decision making in Sweden, however, is based on four constitutional fundamentals; Instrument of Government, Act of Succession, the Freedom of the Press Act and the Fundamental Law of Freedom Expression. In regard to decision making, there is a monarchy in place, however parliament makes the decisions, and it is up to the government to implement and act on these decisions. The parliament is made up of 349 members from around the country, and elected on every four years, the parliament then appoints a prime minister. (Swedish Institute, 2018). The country of Sweden is broken into twenty-one different counties, each county has its own governmental council, ensuring that each area of the country isrepresented within governmental affairs (Holtz, 2017). The individual county councils have direct influence on the healthcare system and are in place to ensure everyone gets equal access tohealthcare. (Sweden Sverige, 2018).