African American Music Notes

African American Music Notes -...

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African American Music: Afro 3301 17:44 The African Legacy “We are almost all a nation of dancers musicians, and poets” – Olaudah Equiano Africa A continent Nearly 12 million sq. miles 40 countries More that 800 languages and dialects Over 817 million people The African Legacy Music and life Music and Poetry “Song” Professional Musicians o Members attached to courts of kings/chiefs o Giots, Jalis Itinerant Extempore songs Instrumentation Non-Western Categories- decided based on the elements they where made of, based on how the sound is created
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Chordophones- anything with strings o Kora- Giot instrument, also very traditional Typical 18-21 Strings Played with thumb and fingers facing you o Idiophones- Percussion family, made of natural materials Beaten, stricken, hit to make sound, Uses vibration to make sounds Using Gords to amplify sounds Ex. Balaphone (bootleg Xylophone made of wood) Ex. Shakers and Gords also used by Griots Idiophones (Mbira) Thumb Piano o Areophnes- have columns of air to create sounds Ex. Wooden Trumpet o Membranophones- some drums area Membranophones but not all, Ex some are water drums, log drums Not just play beats they play melodies Has stretched skin that vibrates to create melodies The Log Drum is an Idiophone not a Membranophome Vocal Styles No bad sounds
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o Performance and color is important High intensity o No intensity, your not valuing the music Use of falsetto o Highest portion in the male voice Ululation o A vocal sound that is not related to words, a groan, a grunt, a scream, a hum, throat singing Vocable o Vocal sounds but related to words, nonsense words and synonyms, bee bop mmm bop by Hanson is a good example. Rhythmic Construction Timeline Polyrhythm’s o Multiple rhythms, all music and poetry is constructed this way Cross Rhythms o They have a relationship with each other, they have a purpose, it creates a cohesive feel, the coming together of all these rhythms create feel of all popular music Syncopation Musical Elements p. 14-15 Scales- just a sequence (Ex. Do, Re, Me etc.) o Pentatonic- 5 levels or tones o Modal- relates to the fact that the pattern is very different, use modes to determine the ladder Seven different Modes Got rid of all mode except 2 modes , minor and major Tuning o Chromatic I have only the small steps, using only small steps o Diatonic Gonna use the Do, Re, Me, Fa, So, La, Ti, Do Use previously decided notes Combinations of small and big steps
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Day 4 17:44 Religion- daily life
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Day 4 17:44 Rituals- some distinguished monotheisms Participation Every conflict Every side Warriors, support services, musicians, composers Men, women and children During peace time o Glee clubs, brass and string bands, community entertainment o In military for formal informal functions
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African American Music Notes -...

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