Exploration Txtbk. Q's

Exploration Txtbk. Q's - Esteban Peralta WHH 6 Exploration...

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Esteban Peralta 2-27-09 WHH 6 Exploration Txtbk. Q’s 16:2 1. ● During the Classic Period of Maya civilization the Maya built spectacular cities such as Tikal , a major center in northern Guatemala. ● The Maya developed the most advanced writing system in the ancient Americas, which consisted of 800 hieroglyphic symbols or glyphs . ● The Maya used their writing system to record important historical events, carving their glyphs in stone or recording them in a bark-paper book known as a codex . ● The most famous of Mayan books that tells their history and customs is the Popol Vuh , which recounts the Highland Maya’s version of the story of creation. 3. The basis of Maya life was agriculture—particularly the growing of maize beans, and squash. Evidence shows that the Maya developed even more sophisticated methods of farming that the slash-and-burn method, such as planting on raised beds above swamps and on hillside terraces. 4. The calendar was important for the Maya religion because they believed that each day was a living god whose behavior could be predicted with the help of a system of calendars. Also, the Maya believed that time was a burden carried on the back of a god. At the end of a day, month, or year, one god would lay the burden down and another would pick it up. A day would be lucky or unlucky, depending on the nature of the god, so it was very important to have an accurate calendar to know which god was in charge of the day. 5. The following are 3 explanations that have been given for the collapse of the Maya civilization: increased warfare may have disrupted trade and produced economic hardship; population growth and over-farming may have damaged the environment, which led to food shortages, famine, and disease; many physical and human resources funneled into religious activities 6. Trade was extremely important to the Maya civilization. Although the Maya city-states were independent of each other, they were linked through alliances and trade. Cities exchanged their products such as salt, flint, feathers, shells, honey, cotton textiles, and jade ornaments. Superior trade due to successful farming methods led to the accumulation of wealth.
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16:3 1. ● Teotihuacán (a center of a thriving trade network that extended far into Central America)’s most valuable trade item was obsidian , a green or black volcanic glass found in the Valley of Mexico and used to make razor-sharp weapons. ● Topiltzin, a Toltec ruler who tried to change the Toltec religion which was extremely warlike and called on human sacrifice, encouraged the Toltecs to worship a different god, Quetzalcoatl , or the Feathered Serpent. ● The Aztecs increased in number by joining forces with the city-states of Texcoco and Tlacopan, forming a Triple Alliance which became the leading power in the Valley of Mexico and soon gained control over neighboring regions. ● The Aztec Empire began to weaken under Montezuma II
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Exploration Txtbk. Q's - Esteban Peralta WHH 6 Exploration...

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