Russia Txtbk. Q's

Russia Txtbk. Q's - Esteban Peralta WHH 6 Txtbk Q's 30:1 1...

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Esteban Peralta 4-30-09 WHH 6 Txtbk. Q's 30:1 1. Marxist revolutionaries believed that the industrial class of workers, or the proletariat , would overthrow the czar. The Bolsheviks were a radical Marxist group that supported a small number of committed revolutionaries willing to sacrifice everything for change. Lenin was the major leader of the Bolsheviks. Czarina Alexandra ran the government while Nicholas was on the war front, and she fell under the influence of the mysterious Rasputin , a self-described holy man. Leaders of the Duma established a provisional government after Nicholas II abdicated his throne. Soviets , or local councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers, had more influence than the provisional government in many Russian cities. The Bolsheviks renamed their party the Communist Party after the writings of Karl Marx because the workers seized power. Joseph Stalin , a cold, hard and impersonal man, became the head of the government and the Communist Party after Lenin's death. 3. WWI helped to bring about the Russian Revolution because Russia was completely unprepared to handle the military and economic costs. Its weak generals and poorly equipped troops were no match for the German army, who depleted Russia with its machine guns. Russia's involvement in WWI revealed the weakness of czarist rule and military leadership. People from all classes were clamoring for change and an end to the war, which led to the Russian Revolution. 4. The Bolsheviks comprised the Red Army, referred to as the Bolshevik Red Guards. The White Army was made up of very different groups. There were those groups who supported the return to rule by the czar, others who wanted democratic gov., and even socialists who opposed Lenin's style of socialism. What they all had in common, however, was the desire to defeat the Bolsheviks. 5. The Bolsheviks renamed their party the Communist Party because the name came from the writings of Karl Marx. He used the word communism to describe the classless society that would exist after workers had seized power. 6. The czar's autocratic policies toward the people led to social
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unrest in that by holding total power and not giving citizens any liberty, the unrest skyrocketed. Harsh measures were imposed to wipe out the revolutionaries. For example, anyone who questioned the authority of the czar, worshipped outside the Russian Orthodox Church, or spoke a language other than Russian was labeled dangerous. This cruel, oppressive rule of the czar caused widespread social
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Russia Txtbk. Q's - Esteban Peralta WHH 6 Txtbk Q's 30:1 1...

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