WWII Txtbk. Q's - Esteban Peralta 5-13-09 WHH 6 WWII Txtbk....

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Esteban Peralta 5-13-09 WHH 6 WWII Txtbk. Q's 32:1 1. Joseph Stalin, Soviet dictator, signed a ten-year nonaggression pact with Hitler before the beginning of the war. The German invasion of Poland was the first test of Germany's newest military strategy-- the blitzkrieg , or “lightning war,” which involved using fast-moving planes and tanks followed by massive infantry forces. After France fell, a French general named Charles de Gaulle set up a government-in-exile in London and committed all of his energy to reconquering France. Winston Churchill , the new British prime minister, declared that his nation would never give in to the Nazis as France did, so he used his gift as a speaker to rally the people in an effort to crush Germany. The Battle of Britain proved strong British resistance against Hitler and forced Hitler to focus on the Mediterranean and Eastern Europe. General Erwin Rommel (a German sent by Hitler)'s success against the British in North Africa earned him the nickname “Desert Fox.” Roosevelt and Churchill met secretly and issued a joint declaration called the Atlantic Charter , which later served as the Allies' peace plan at the end of the war. 4. Egypt was of strategic importance in WWII because this British- controlled area and the Suez Canal was key to reaching oil fields of the Middle East. 5. President Franklin Roosevelt wanted to offer help to the Allies because he knew that if the Allies fell, the US would be drawn into the war anyway. Congress complied to his plead and under the Lend-Lease Act, the president could lend or lease arms and other supplies to any other country vital to the US. 6. I think that the statement, “Winston Churchill was possibly Britain's most powerful weapon against Hitler's Germany,” means that Britain's new prime minister had such strong will-power that he his nation would NEVER give in, as he declared. In a rousing speech, he proclaimed, “We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets. .. we shall never surrender.” Churchill used all his gifts as a great orator to rally the people behind the effort to crush Germany. 8. Napoleon's invasion of Russia and Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union were very similar. Both invasions took their tolls as Russia's temperatures were dropping and it started to snow. In
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both cases, the armies were retreating from Moscow and had to end up fighting in the freezing weather completely unprepared and ill- equipped. Napoleon and Hitler's armies were devastated by the Russians, losing extravagant quantities of lives. Hitler ignored Napoleon's winter defeat 130 years before and paid the same price. 31:2
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WWII Txtbk. Q's - Esteban Peralta 5-13-09 WHH 6 WWII Txtbk....

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