Week 3: The English Colonization of America What factors drove English colonialism? What developments in England gave the Chesapeake and New England colonies their distinctive characters? Religious developments in England: 1.) 1509 England separates from Catholic Church and establishes the Church of England (Anglican Church); 2.) Late 16th century rise of religious movement known as “Puritanism” to “purify” the Church of England of Catholic vestiges. Followed theology of John Calvin (1509-1564). Dismissal of Puritan ministers by monarchy in 1620s to 1630s spurred desire of Puritans to colonize America; 3.) 1640s and early 50s (English Civil War) new religious movements like the Quakers arose and demanded religious liberty to all Protestant sects. Demographic changes in England: 1.) Population increased from 3 million in 1500 to 4 million in 1600; 2.) “The Enclosure Movement” leading to “masterless men” being uprooted from land and flooding cities. British Mentalities: 1.) Anti-Catholic animosity fueled Puritan movement, competition with Catholic Spanish empire, colonization Ireland. 2.) The concept that land was the basis for liberty (liberation from wage work, release from servility, master to no one) Key points concerning British imperialism : 1) British colonies established along Atlantic coast of America during first half 17 th century were ad hoc with various political, economic, social structures. Chesapeake colonies to become plantation societies based on unfree labor, and New England settlements based on family farms and small towns.2.) Between 1649 to 1658 (Oliver Cromwell
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- Fall '18
- Laura Westhoff
- Colonialism, Thirteen Colonies, Massachusetts, Massachusetts Bay Colony