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PHIL 106 TEST ONE REVIEW Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle starts off in book 1 saying that every action is done for some greater good. If it was not intended this way, then there is no reason to do that action in the first place. What is the science of this greatest good? Political Science because it is less precise in the fact that the best for one is not necessarily the best for others He then dives into what that greatest good is : happiness. What is happiness? Well, it is not wealth, pleasure, or honor, because those things can differ. (Helath to rich man, wealth to poor man) It is actually activity in accordance with virtue. Why is it Self Sufficient? It is an end itself. It is desirable for its own sake. How do we attain this happiness ? Through Practical Wisdom, which is the idea that one sees knowledge and becomes a pure rational being. If we yuou this, we become virtuous and go towards happiness. What is virtue? Virtue is the state of character to make certain choices. One must cultivate these virtues to find a mean in between to extremes in order to reach the greatest good. How can humans do this? The functions of humans give us the abilty to rationalize which sets us apart from the rest of nature. Kant: Grounding … From the start, Kant boldly puts down Aristotle’s belief that “Nothing is good without qualification”. Kant exclaims that one must look at a human’s intent. Therefore, what is the greatest good according to him?
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Good Will – it is inherently good that does not care about the consequence as long as intent was moral. The good will all depends on?
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This note was uploaded on 11/04/2010 for the course PHIL 106 taught by Professor Seltzer during the Spring '10 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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