Lecture+5+-+Proportional+Representation+10-8.14.10

Lecture+5+-+Proportional+Representation+10-8.14.10 -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Proportional Representation (PR) Again, what’s the intuition? % of votes will closely match % of seats 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Types of Allocation Rules What’s that mean? How you translate votes into seats 2 main approaches in PR Quota and Largest Remainders Divisors 2
Background image of page 2
Quota and Largest Remainders (LR) Simple quota and largest remainders (Hare) What does quota and largest remainders mean? In this case (Hare): Quota = V/M or =100/M Other cases: add #s (n) to M to determine quota Droop quota: (V/(M+1))+1 Hare is really proportional system Example YOU HAVE TO GET A CERTAIN PERCENTAGE OF THE VOTE M= DISTRICT MAGNITUDE DROOP QUOTA- IN TERMS OF PERCENT 3
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Divisors How’s this work? “Highest average” a = v/(s+n) Most well known type is d’Hondt rule a = v/(s+1) Example Sainte-Lague rule Divide v by 1, 3, 5,… What is effect of this relative to d’Hondt? MORE DISTRIBUTION-D GOT A SEAT– NOT UNDER D-HONDT – LARGER PARTIES HURT MORE UNDER SAINT LAGUE– BIGGER PARTIES HURT MORE Can use any divisor # But hurts large parties more as # increases MOST COMMON APPROACH TO ALLOCATING RULES UNDER PR - THE PARTY WITH THE LARGEST TOTAL GETS A SEAT_ EVERYTIME A PARTY RECEIVES A SEAT_ ITS’S TOTAL VOTE GETS DIVIDED BY IT’S DIVSOR - S-SEATS V- VOTE -SAINTE-LAGUE– DIVIDE BY 1, THEN 3, THEN 5 - SMALLER PARTIES WILL GET MORE SEATS UNDER SAINTE LAGUE 4
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 17

Lecture+5+-+Proportional+Representation+10-8.14.10 -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online