Lecture+9+-+Effects+10.28.10

Lecture+9+-+Effects+10.28.10 - Questions? Presentation by...

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1 Questions? Presentation by TA at end of class on the Quiz Study Guide should now be online Today’s lecture very important for midterm Today’s Lecture So more detailed slides
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2 Electoral Rules Have What Kinds of Effects? # of parties Proportionality More or less strategic behavior Behavior Party-oriented Candidate-oriented
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3 Different Types of Voter-Politician Linkages Personalistic Meaning what?- to what extent to voters look at politicians as individuals– personality or what they represent Party oriented Meaning what? Casting ballots for ppl b/c like their party Clientelistic – casting ballots…
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4 Clientelism – What? Partly constituency service - ex. g-ma social security service ; could involve pork. Serving constituents needs What is pork barrel? spending: roads or infrastructure_ spending project orientated Clientelism- Kitschelt’s procedural definition: Clientelism refers to Benefits that are awarded to people who supported the party, – And withheld from those who are found, on the basis of some kind of monitoring, not to have supported it. – kind of exchange_ if support- give stuff – - if not take stuff away Monitoring and enforcement important Why? Have to be able to know who is supporting you- enforce- I am going to take away what giving someone- or else not really a threat or exchange– who is actually doing what they said they were doing award and threaten
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5 Examples? Is agricultural protection clientelistic? – how do you know that all farmers are supporting me… if take away going to hurt a lot of people who are actually supporting “me” Examples you have? Shoes in Thailand Appliances and chickens in Mexico $100 bill in U.S.
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6 Problems With Measuring Clientelism? Is pork barrel spending a good measure? Perhaps a good proxy measure But often pork is actually needed Examples? How do you know intentions of pork? Why does that matter? hospital support a construction company- they give contribution so on. . Just want to build a hostpital—when actually need a hospita;? In many cases, pork is a “public good,” used by many people. How do you know that those using it are supporting you? Tricky concept to use in studying politics
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7 Carey and Shugart One of most important things this qtr What trying to explain? “Incentives to Cultivate a Personal Vote” More party or candidate-oriented behavior “Sometimes individual politicians prefer to take positions or actions other than those that would most benefit their party collectively” (418). Campaigning for you individually not what is going to effect the party as a whole Electoral system shapes much of how much this matters.
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This note was uploaded on 11/01/2010 for the course POL pol140a taught by Professor Scheiner during the Fall '10 term at UC Davis.

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Lecture+9+-+Effects+10.28.10 - Questions? Presentation by...

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