Lecture+10+-+Pres+vs.+Parl+11.2.10

Lecture+10+-+Pres+vs.+Parl+11.2.10 - Questions Midterm next...

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1 Questions? Midterm next time
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2 NEXT! Not just legislative elections Presidential vs. Parliamentary systems Speaking intuitively How do we distinguish between them? How does each roughly work? Assembly Executive/cabinet Length of term
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3 Presidential System Intuition Fixed Term of Office for Legislators and President Legislature President Voters Confirms Appoints Cabinet
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4 Parliamentary System Intuition Can Hold Elections Whenever PM/Cabinet in as long as Parliament Voters Cabinet (incl PM) Legislature
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5 But Pres. Vs. Parl. Doesn’t Tell Whole Story More Nuance in the Real World! Presidential (or pure presidential) Premier-Presidential (“semi- presidentialism”) President-Parliamentary Parliamentary
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6 Most Common Ways of Electing Presidents? Direct plurality election Electoral College 2 round majority Clear how each of these works?
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7 What is a presidential system? Shugart and Carey: 1. Popular election of chief exec 2. Terms of chief exec and assembly fixed and not “contingent on mutual confidence” 3. Chief exec names and directs government 4. President has some “constitutionally granted lawmaking authority” Why last point important? Many examples, including Brazil, Mexico, U.S.
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8 Premier-Presidential? 1. President elected by popular vote 2. President has considerable powers 3. But also a premier (PM) and cabinet Subject to assembly confidence Perform exec functions Presidents often less powerful E.g., France
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