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ADD TO THE INTRO, IT KIND OF SUCKS. To determine how wars that involved the United States ranked among each other, we used many guidelines. These guidelines included the number or percent of U.S. people involved, number of U.S. casualties, Costs, number of people who were freed or gained rights (autonomy or right to participate in government), and psychological effects. All of these factors had a tremendous and influential impact on the United States as a country. Whether the war began to contain communism, acquire territory, or to gain rights, they proved significant and prominent throughout history. Through this ranking system, we acquired a top ten consisting of the War of 1812, Mexican War, American Revolution, Civil War, Spanish- American War, Iraq War, World War I, World War II, Korean War, and the Vietnam War. Make sure you order them from 1 to 10 in importance!!!! VIETNAM WAR: In the 1950’s, America’s John Foster Dulles developed the Domino Theory. This theory stated that if one country fell to communism, countries near this country would be the next to fall. America’s Special Forces trained the South Vietnamese Army how to fight the Viet Cong. From 1965 to 1969, the U.S. had a maximum of 500,000 American troops in Vietnam. (Trueman) As more and more Americans were called to Vietnam, the war became very unpopular at home and the politicians were aware of the views of the voting population. In 1969, Richard Nixon agreed to reduce the number of American troops in South Vietnam, and would only assist in material matters. In December 1970, there were 350,000 American troops in South Vietnam. (Roush) In January of 1973, all sides agreed to a cease fire, where American troops would be withdrawn and all Prisoners of War would be released. Vietnam would be “eventually reunited.” America’s involvement in Vietnam ended in 1973. As the number of troops in Vietnam increased, the financial burden of the war grew. The war cost it a billion dollars a day at its peak. The cost in 1968 was $88,000 million, while the money spent on education, health and housing was $24,000 million. (Roush) By April 1975, Saigon the capital of South Vietnam had fallen, renamed Ho Chi Minh City, and a united Vietnam was formed. Almost 3 million Americans served in Vietnam. (Trueman) Between 1965 and 1973, the United States spent $120 billion on the war ($700 billion converted in 2007 dollars). This resulted in a large federal budget deficit. The Communists had attained their goal: they had toppled the Saigon regime. The Vietnam War involved the U.S. from 1961 to 1975. This was the longest war for the U.S. to be involved with.
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This note was uploaded on 11/01/2010 for the course BEE Math200 taught by Professor Antje during the Spring '09 term at Bismarck State College.

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