How_to_Write_a_Report_081208

How_to_Write_a_Report_081208 - The University of Sydney HOW...

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The University of Sydney HOW TO WRITE A PAPER, REPORT, ESSAY, OR THESIS AT THE INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS STUDIES Requirements and Guidelines for Structure, Layout, Attachments, Binding, Referencing, and the Issue of Plagiarism Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies November 2003
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Edited @ 5/12/2008 Page ii Synopsis This document provides a set of requirements, guidelines, and suggestions to help staff and students in the Institute of transport and logistics studies to prepare papers, reports, essays, and theses. It covers content and structure, layout requirements, headings, titles, lists, capitalisation, the referencing system, and binding. It also provides some rules and hints on improving writing. The document also contains a fairly complete treatment of exactly how to apply Harvard Referencing, according to current standards.
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Edited @ 5/12/2008 Page iii Table of Contents 1 INTRODUCTION 1 2 FORMAL REQUIREMENTS 1 2.1 Report Structure 1 2.2 Headings 3 2.2.1 Level 1 Heading 3 2.2.2 Level 2 Heading 4 2.2.3 Level 3 Heading 4 2.2.4 Level 4 Heading 4 2.2.5 Level 5 Heading 5 2.2.6 Level 6 Heading 5 2.2.7 Title 5 2.2.8 Appendices 5 2.2.9 Examples of Title and Headings 6 2 LEVEL 1 HEADING 6 2.1 Level 2 Heading 6 2.1.1 Level 3 Heading 6 2.3 Report Layout 7 2.3.1 Paper and Margins 7 2.3.2 Text 7 2.3.3 Pagination 8 2.3.4 Cross Referencing 8 2.3.5 Bullets and Numbering 8 2.3.6 Tables and Graphs 9 2.3.7 Spelling and Grammar 10 2.4 Unit of Study Cover Sheet and Other Attachments 10 2.5 Binding 11 3 REFERENCING 11
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Edited @ 5/12/2008 Page iv 3.1 Harvard Referencing System 11 3.2 Plagiarism 12 4 IMPROVING REPORT WRITING 12 4.1 Punctuation 12 4.2 Opening a Sentence 14 4.3 Constructing a Sentence 14 4.4 Some Specific Word Uses 14 4.5 Language 17 4.6 Latin Phrases 17 4.7 Numbers in Text 18 4.8 Metric Values 18 4.9 Use of Future and Past Tenses 18 5 SUMMARY 19 6 REFERENCES 19 APPENDIX 1: EXAMPLE OF A FRONT COVER 20 APPENDIX 2: HARVARD REFERENCING SYSTEM 22 1 STEPS INVOLVED IN REFERENCING 23 2 IN-TEXT CITATIONS 23 2.1 Multiple Authors 24 2.2 More Than One Work by the Same Author 24 2.3 No Author 25 2.4 Secondary Sources 25 2.5 Personal Communication and E-Mail 25 2.6 Websites 26 3 HOW TO CREATE A REFERENCE LIST 26
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Edited @ 5/12/2008 Page v 4 EXAMPLES OF REFERENCES 27 4.1 Books 27 4.1.1 Book with a single author 27 4.1.2 Book with two or three authors 27 4.1.3 Book with more than three authors 27 4.1.4 Book with an editor 27 4.2 Chapter in a Book 27 4.2.1 Article or chapter in a book 28 4.2.2 Article or chapter in a book (no author) 28 4.3 Journal Articles 28 4.3.1 Journal article in print 28 4.3.2 Electronic journal article 29 4.4 Government and Parliamentary Publications 29 4.4.1 Acts of Parliament 29 4.4.2 Australian Bureau of Statistics Bulletin 30 4.4.3 From AusStats 30 4.4.4 Census Information 30 4.4.5 Government Reports 30 4.5 E-Mail Discussion Lists and World Wide Web 30 4.5.1 E-Mail discussion list 30 4.5.2 World Wide Web 31
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Edited @ 5/12/2008 RS page 1 1 INTRODUCTION The layout and overall presentation of a paper, report, essay, or thesis in the logistics and transport management programs, and in work in the Institute in general, is an important component of the overall training process. We all know
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