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Unformatted text preview: nd law of thermodynamics) is that some of the energy is not harvested to perform physiological work, but is lost to heat. 13. Of the two metabolic processes, anabolism and catabolism ; which process is exergonic and which one is endergonic? 14. In the reaction: Lactate + NAD Pyruvate + NADH+ H: Identify the oxidized and reduced compounds on each side of the equation. 15. What are the three main macronutrients broken down by the body for bioenergy? 16. What is the energy content (Kcals/gram) of each of these nutrients? 20. What is the neurotransmitter released by the sympathetic nervous system (SNS)? Name an endocrine gland that also releases this compound. 21. How do most steroid hormones alter cell function? 22. How do most non-steroidal hormones alter cell function? 23. Describe how insulin and glucagon maintain blood glucose levels? 24. Name 5 ways that the body alters metabolism during exercise?...
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- Winter '09