APUSH UNIT 5 test review - John Brown/Harpers Ferry...

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John Brown/Harper’s Ferry 1859- John Brown was a militant abolitionist who seized the U.S. arsenal at Harper's Ferry. He planned to end slavery by massacring slave owners and freeing their slaves. Brown’s raid convinced southerners they couldn’t safely stay in the Union because they believed Brown had the support of the North and especially the Republican party. He was captured and executed and viewed as a martyr by many northerners. Personal Liberty Laws- Laws passed by some northern legislatures in the 1850s to challenge the federal Fugitive Slave Act, which required that northerners return escaped slaves to their southern masters. These diverse laws included such measures as non-cooperation laws and the prohibition of using state officials to catch runways. - Banned courts and police officers from helping to return runaway slaves to their owners - In response, southerners in Congress demanded a stringent national law to require northern states to return fugitive slaves to their owners Dred Scott v. Sanford- The case involved Dred Scott, a slave from Missouri, who had briefly lived with his master in Illinois and Wisconsin, two territories that forbade slavery on the basis of the Missouri Compromise of 1820. When his master died, Scott sued his master’s widow for

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