01carbo - I.A.i.-1 I. Carbohydrates I. Carbohydrates...

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Unformatted text preview: I.A.i.-1 I. Carbohydrates I. Carbohydrates I.A.i.-2 Carbohydrates: Defnitions and Carbohydrates: Defnitions and Structures Structures Food Carbohydrates include sugars, starches, gums, fber, gels... Chemical defnition: Aliphatic polyhydroxy aldehydes and ketones and their derivatives aliphatic : Open chain organic compounds and those cyclic compounds that resemble them (i.e. not aromatic) OH C CH 3 H C H H C H CH 3 COOH OH OH HO CH 2 OH O OH Aliphatic molecules Aromatic molecule OH I.A.i.-3 Nomenclature Nomenclature Carbohydrates consist of single or multiple units known as monosaccharide or glycose units Categorized by chain length Category # of Glycose Units Food Example Monosaccharide 1 Sugars Disaccharide 2 Sugars Oligosaccharide 3 - 10 Sugars Polysaccharide >10 Starch, Gums I.A.i.-4 Monosaccharides Monosaccharides Monosaccharides are categorized by the number of carbons (typically 3-8) and whether an aldehyde or ketone Most abundant monosaccharides are...
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2010 for the course FST 100A taught by Professor Dungan during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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01carbo - I.A.i.-1 I. Carbohydrates I. Carbohydrates...

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