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final review - TopicsReligion Culture change The arts...

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Topics- Religion Culture change The arts Concepts/terms- Functions of religion- human universal Order and meaning to the universe Anxiety reduction- model supernatural systems on their social structures Reinforcement of social order Animism- the notion that all objects, living and nonliving, are imbued with spirits Theism- a deity concept poly-many Monotheism- belief in a single god Deities- a postulated preternatural or supernatural being, who is always of significant power, worshipped, thought holy, divine, or sacred Anthropomorphic- having human shape; potentially needing to be sustained Talismans- object marked with magic Trobriands Fishermen- no magic in lagoon. In open sea, used great deal of magic ritual Trobriands Gardeners- charming of axe and digging stick Baseball magic- reduce chance of feeling uncertain. ‘Persistent connection’ principle- contagious magic: (umbilical cord) hair cutting, fingernail clipping ‘Like produces like’ principle- by doing some action in a magical world, you reproduce the action in the physical world (voodoo dolls) Sorcerers- the conscious and intentional use of magic Either or beneficial- Learned/acquired- Rituals or manipulation of objects- Social function of witchcraft allegations- Shaman (characteristics)- an individual who is socially recognized as having the ability to meditate between the world of humanity and the world of gods or spirits but who is not a recognized official of any organization. Trance, healing, divination, spirit battle Possession- the belief that an individual can be overtaken by a spirit entity Divination- A religious ritual performed to find hidden objects of information Rites of passage- a ritual that marks a person’s transition from one status to another
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Rites of reversal- allows the poor and powerless to behave as if they are rich and powerful even though they are not Gypsy offender case- Ethnic gypsies (Roman natives): interesting orientation to property-not the same as urban gypsies (thieves, con men) Kayapo resistance- Human rights- an autonomy of action, an individual has value. Culture contact- Xenophobia- hate and fear of outsiders or anything different Warfare- a formally organized and culturally recognized pattern of collective violence directed towards other societies. Getting rid of all else Assimilation- (Australian aborigines) sent children to schools, took away land Ethnocide-
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