final review

Final review - TopicsReligion Culture change The arts Concepts/termsFunctions of religion human universal Order and meaning to the universe Anxiety

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Topics- Religion Culture change The arts Concepts/terms- Functions of religion- human universal Order and meaning to the universe Anxiety reduction- model supernatural systems on their social structures Reinforcement of social order Animism- the notion that all objects, living and nonliving, are imbued with spirits Theism- a deity concept poly-many Monotheism- belief in a single god Deities- a postulated preternatural or supernatural being, who is always of significant power, worshipped, thought holy, divine, or sacred Anthropomorphic- having human shape; potentially needing to be sustained Talismans- object marked with magic Trobriands Fishermen- no magic in lagoon. In open sea, used great deal of magic ritual Trobriands Gardeners- charming of axe and digging stick Baseball magic- reduce chance of feeling uncertain. ‘Persistent connection’ principle- contagious magic: (umbilical cord) hair cutting, fingernail clipping ‘Like produces like’ principle- by doing some action in a magical world, you reproduce the action in the physical world (voodoo dolls) Sorcerers- the conscious and intentional use of magic Either or beneficial- Learned/acquired- Rituals or manipulation of objects- Social function of witchcraft allegations- Shaman (characteristics)- an individual who is socially recognized as having the ability to meditate between the world of humanity and the world of gods or spirits but who is not a recognized official of any organization. Trance, healing, divination, spirit battle Possession- the belief that an individual can be overtaken by a spirit entity Divination- A religious ritual performed to find hidden objects of information Rites of passage- a ritual that marks a person’s transition from one status to another
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Rites of reversal- allows the poor and powerless to behave as if they are rich and powerful even though they are not Gypsy offender case- Ethnic gypsies (Roman natives): interesting orientation to property-not the same as urban gypsies (thieves, con men) Kayapo resistance- Human rights- an autonomy of action, an individual has value. Culture contact- Xenophobia- hate and fear of outsiders or anything different Warfare- a formally organized and culturally recognized pattern of collective violence directed towards other societies. Getting rid of all else Assimilation- (Australian aborigines) sent children to schools, took away land
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course ANTH 2302 taught by Professor Lapsiu during the Spring '10 term at Texas Tech.

Page1 / 5

Final review - TopicsReligion Culture change The arts Concepts/termsFunctions of religion human universal Order and meaning to the universe Anxiety

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online