study power point for arch

study power point for arch - BAROQUE 1. occupies space 2....

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Unformatted text preview: BAROQUE 1. occupies space 2. focus on center Subordination of par ts to the whole ROCOCO 1. cur vilinear design 2.reduced use of the architectural orders impor tant Baroque monuments K arlskirche (Baroque) architect: Johann Fischer von Erlach patron: Emperor Charles VI (Vienna, begun in 1715) Baroque and rococo in holy roman empire K arliskirche church Austr ian Baroque Two columns in from made to resemble Trajans column in Rome Nar rative on columns- episodes of St. Charles life One year after the last great plague epidemic, Charles VI , holy Roman Emperor pledged t o build a church for his patron saint Charles Bor romeo( healer of plague suffers) Faade in center, which leads t o porch, cor responds to a Greek temple por tico( classical reference) Dome Lat er int er pretation of pantheon Johann Fischer von Erlach Most inf luential Austr ian architect of the baroque per iod Trained as sculpture Trained in the workshop of his father, a provincial ar tisan before depar ting for Rome Ber nini gave him ample oppor tunities to study both ancient and more sculpture and architecture K arliskirche I nt er ior Karlskir che ( bar oque and r ococo in holy r oman empir e) *F ischer von Erlach Emper or Charles vi vienna, austr ia begun 1715 I nt er ior Space: ALTER Theatr ical painted glass; archit ecture & painting I nf luence: Ber ninis cathedra petr i at St. Peter s and Ecstasy of St. Teresa S . Lorenzo (Baroque) architect: Guar ino Guar ini patrons: dukes of Savoy (Tur in, 1668 - 1687) Baroque in tur in S. Lorenzo Centralized chur ch VOTI V church: dukes made a vow t o build God a church once plague was lift ed Octagon plan Bar rel vaulting on the second f loor Greek cross with pendentives TWO I MPORTANT FEATURES: Spatial enclosur e vs. building envelope Syncopation: ser ies of expectations in plan on first level which are r eversed in the second level Guar in I talian ar chit ect( tr aining not in archit ecture though) Theatine pr iest, mathematician, wr it er, philosopher Traveled t o Spain an Por tugal Uses space, light and mass Studied I slamic archit ecture SYNCOPATI ON: radical changes from one level t o the next I nf luenced by Bor r omini His designs alt ered the tr aditional idea of domes as clearly defined bubble of space enclosed with a solid wall Plays with sense of str uctur e and expectations in ar chit ecture S.Lorenzo I nter ior *Guar ini Rococo Vierzehnheiligen (Rococo) architect: Balthasar Neumann (near Staffelst ein, begun in 1743) rococo Vierzehnheiligen Pilgr image church Typical Latin cross Side aisles Longitudinal Syncopation: no dr um & dome over crossing Spatial enclosure- established by piers and car r ied through by low domes Balthasar Neumann Overcame really unfor tunat e family circumstances Family profession was weaving...
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study power point for arch - BAROQUE 1. occupies space 2....

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