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lec12 - Lecture 12 Individual Differences Personality Types...

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4/8/09 1 FOCUS AND KEYSTONE SLIDE Lecture 12: Individual Differences Personality Types vs. Dimensions The Big Five Intelligence Measurement Genes and Environments Group Differences Lecture 12: Individual Differences Personality Types vs. Dimensions The Big Five Intelligence Measurement Genes and Environments Group Differences • The Brain of Danielle Charlap • How Peter Grant Senses and Perceives • Abigail Harpstead’s Memory • The Mystery of Meir Lakhovsky’ Consciousness • Pramod Thammaiah Makes A Decision! • Understanding Nikhil Srivastava’s Emotions • Why Does Patricia Smith Sleep? • Mating, Aggression, and Feifei Yi • How Graham Lazar Developed From An Embryo Into the Very Fine Person He Undoubtedly Is Today Psychology 1 Syllabus Lecture 12: Individual Differences
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4/8/09 2 SITUATION 1 Average = 8 SITUATION 2 Average = 6 SITUATION 3 Average = 4 4, 5, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 11, 12 2, 3, 3, 5, 6, 6, 7, 9, 10 0, 1, 1, 3, 4, 4, 5, 7, 8 Lecture 12: Individual Differences Personality An individual’s characteristic style of thought, feeling, and action Lecture 12: Individual Differences HUMANS JIMI HENDRIX DAN GILBERT TYPE 1 TYPE 2 TYPE 3 Too Little Information Too Much Effort Personality Personality
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4/8/09 3 Types vs. Dimensions 0 Molecular Speed Personality C Colors by Dimensions Types vs. Dimensions Personality Colors by Type Emotions by Valence and Arousal Types vs. Dimensions Personality Emotions by Type POSITIVE NEGATIVE HIGH AROUSAL LOW AROUSAL Happy Sad Content Afraid Terrified Elated Blissful Depressed C onscientiousness A greeableness N egative Emotionality O penness to Experience E xtraversion Personality is a Penteract (A 5-dimensional object) Personality
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4/8/09 4 Six Facets of Conscientiousness: FLEXIBLE (C-) FOCUSED (C+) Competence Often feels unprepared Feels capable and effective Order Unorganized; unmethodical Well-organized; neat; tidy Dutifulness Casual about obligations Governed by conscience; reliable Achievement Striving Low need for achievement Driven to achieve success Self-Discipline Procrastinates; distracted Focuses on completing tasks Deliberation Spontaneous; hasty decisions Thinks carefully before acting Conscientiousness describes the extent to which a person is focused, organized, and persistent in the pursuit of his or her goals Conscientiousness LOW HIGH Personality Six Facets of Agreeableness CHALLENGING (A-) ADAPTIVE (A+) Trust Cynical; skeptical See others as honest & well- intentioned Straightforwardness Guarded; stretches truth Straightforward, frank Altruism Reluctant to get involved Willing to help others Compliance Aggressive; competitive Yields under conflict; defers Modesty Feels superior to others Self-effacing; humble Tender-Mindedness Hardheaded; rational Tender-minded; easily moved Expresses opinions Keeps opinions to self Enjoys being out front Prefers the background Agreeableness describes a person’s orientation toward and style of interacting with others Agreeableness LOW HIGH Personality
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