Ling 70- Final Review

Ling 70- Final Review - Linguistics 70 Final Review Ethnic...

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Linguistics 70 Final Review Ethnic Varieties: Folk Linguistic Beliefs: -AAVE: -inaccurate detail -assumptions of homogeneity -no understanding of history -Shibboleths: -”aks" for ask -invariant “be” (I be, She be, They be, We be) -double negatives (“They don’t cure nothing”) -White folk ling. view: -terms: slang, dialect, broken English, ebonics (negative) -deficient form of English, should not be considered a lang, users ignorant and/or resistant -perspective on education: should not be used as a bridge to standard -Black folk ling. view: -terms: slang, dialect, improper, ebonics (pos or neg.) -stigmatized form of English (culturally valuable) -perspective on education: should not be used as a bridge -Afrocentric view: (Oakland School Board, black scholars) -term: ebonies -genetically related to niger-congo languages, not english -education: should be used as a bridge -Professional ling. view: -term: AAVE -variety probably developed from creole -Chicano English: -threat to English -drain on economy -consequence of uncontrolled immigration -myth: multilingualism=new phenomena -myth: spanish speakers can’t and don’t want to speak English -myth: Spanglish indicates inability to speak either spanish or english fluently -myth: chicano english=interference or learner’s english Equivocation and confusion about the term “Ebonics" -started with Oakland School Board’s goal to improve education for AA students by recognizing ebonics as different from standard english, promote ebonics as culturally significant in classroom, use ebonics to teach standard -controversial statements: -ebonics should be viewed as separate lang
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-genetically based -should be promoted in classroom -media and public reaction: -label=sudden attempt at legitimacy -cynicism. anger -suspicion at special interests -liberal bashing (accusation that liberals want to promote segregation) -anti-enabling angle Grammar and Grammatical rules in non-standard Varieties -AAVE: -habitual be- He be sick -future be- He be home tomorrow -intensified or extra-habitual steady- He be steady stepping -past been- He been sick -stressed been- she been married -completive done- He done did it, They done been sitting -speaker disapproving come- She come telling me stories -double modals- may/might + can/could -poseta and liketa as modals- you ain’t poseta do that -Chicano English: -/ay/ fronting
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Ling 70- Final Review - Linguistics 70 Final Review Ethnic...

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