PSY 1- Fair Game Sheet

PSY 1- Fair Game Sheet - THINKING: Geons and impossible...

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THINKING : Geons and impossible figures – simple 3d forms such as spheres, cubes, cylinders, cones that combine to make familiar objects Prototype theory of meaning – mode of graded categorization, where some members are more central than others, familiar or typical examples of something Spreading activation – one concept activates you to think of similar things Stroop effect and automatization – inability for brain to go against what it has been previously taught to do, such as say the color of the word instead of the reading the actual word, automatized Mental Rotation and map image-scanning studies – more rotations that you have to mentally then it takes longer to figure out; showed ppl a map and to memorize it Change Blindness – inability to detect large changes in a scene, usually due to disruption or saccade Attentional Blink – when presented with a sequence of visual stimuli in rapid succession , participant will often fail to detect the second salient target Nature of Expertise – use algorithms and heuristics better, practice makes perfect Algorithms- seqeuence of finite instructions, mechanical and repetitive procedure for solving a problem Heuristics – method to help solve a problem, educated guess or common sense, simplifys problem, leads to errors Representativeness heuristic – when people assume commonality between two objects because of their similar appearance; often very useful, but can lead to many errors Base-rate information – how common two catergories are Availability heuristic– when people base their prediction upon an event or example; more credible than statistical probability; tendency to assume that the more easily we can think of members of a category are more common the categry Overconfidence – bias in which people think they are correct int heir judgements far less than they actually Confirmation Bias-tendency to search for or interpret new information in a way that confirms ones preconceptions and avoids contradicting information Framing effects and spin – tendency to answer a question differently depending on how it was asked Development Epigenetic landscape(Conrad Waddington) – metaphor for biological development; said that cell fates were established in development Nature-nurture problem – innate qualities versus personal experience, in roles such as development Identical vs. fraternal twins – Identical- 1/3 of twins, very similar, coming from same egg and sperm frat- two different eggs becoming fertilized by two different sperms, share same uterus, no more similar than any other siblings-africa plus, asia minus, fertility drugs plus Effects of drinking and spmoking during pregnancy – low birthrate, premature birth, high rates of illness, breathning problems, sudden infant death, phsycially smaller children
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Capabilities of newborns- swim, recognize faces, imitate sounds, synapses, reflexes Cross-sectional vs. longitudinal studies - long- correlational research study that involves repeated observations of
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course PSY 40741 taught by Professor Fridlund during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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PSY 1- Fair Game Sheet - THINKING: Geons and impossible...

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