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Unformatted text preview: I. BE ABLE TO DESCRIBE, DEFINE, OR ANSWER QUESTIONS RELATED TO: Dissociative Disorders- Disorders marked by major changes in memory that are not due to clear, physical causes. (and see Question II) Nature of dissociation – Typical manifestations of dissociation- Dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, dissociative identity disorder. Possible relationship of anxiety to dissociative disorders - Experiences of depersonalization and derealization- Depersonalization is a change in one’s experience of the self in which one’s mental functioning or body feels unreal or foreign. Depersonalization is often accompanied by an experience of derealization- the feeling that the external world, too, is unreal and strange. Objects may seem to change shape or size; other persons may seem removed, mechanical, or even dead. Typical signs/symptoms, and the course of each: Dissociative amnésia- A dissociative disorder marked by an inability to recall important personal events and information. Dissociative amnesia may be localized, selective, general, or continuous . Localized is the most common in which a person loses all memory of events that took place within a limited period of time, almost always beginning with some very disturbing occurrence. People with selective amnesia, the second most common form of dissociative amnesia remember some, but not all, of the events that occurred during a period of time. For people with generalized amnesia, the loss of memory extends back to times long before the upsetting period. In extreme cases the person may not even be able to recognize family and friends. In continuous amnesia, however, forgetting continues into the present and the person may forget new and ongoing experiences as well as what happened before the tragedy. All of these forms of dissociative amnesia are similar in that the amnesia interferes mostly with episodic memory- a person’s memory of personal material. Semantic memory- memory for abstract or encyclopedic information usually remains. Dissociative fugue- A dissociative disorder in which a person travels to a new location and may assume a new identity, simultaneously forgetting his or her past. Some individuals travel but a short distance and make few social contacts in the new setting. Their fugue may be brief- a matter of hours or days- and end suddenly. In other cases, however, the person may travel far from home, take a new name, and establish a new identity, new relationships, and even a new line of work. Such people may also display new personality characteristics; often they are more of work....
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course PSYCH 103 taught by Professor Fridlund during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.
- Spring '08