Psych7-Notes

Psych7-Notes - Psychology 7: Research Psychology Lecture...

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Psychology 7: Research Psychology Lecture 04/01/10 The basic goal of scientific psychology is the explanation of thought and behavior Understanding the scientific method, distinguishing scientific thinking and not Science is: Empirical - based on observations (what else could they be based on: faith and authority) Objective - observations and conclusions are clearly defined in ways that allow others to get the same results (defined in such a way that other people can make the same observations) i e. ideas are testable, verifiable Systematic - observations are organized in such a way that allows casual inferences, base conclusions on things that are objective, have to organize them, HOW, what is the best way to do this Often based on theory, debates between philosophers in science Empirical: Science based on observations vs. authority Galileo constructs a telescope story, blah blah blah Conclusions based on actual empirical evidence and not on authority and fate Arguments based on authority or faith aren't valid Objective: Auras and Objectivity Some people claim to see colorful auras around people based on observations but not ones that are available to everyone, not objective, not verifiable Systematic tests: measuring devices and blind tests private observations tested through different techniques Another Example: Therapeutic Touch practice of sensing and smoothing out patients invisible energy fields to promote healing by measuring how far she put her hand above the practitioner hand she is making her study objective Systematic: Systematic Thought practice of blood letting- drain your blood out to replace it with good blood organizing your observation by creating a systematic way to test it, having a control group and an experimental group Unsystematic Thought: intuition can be wrong- our perceptual reasoning mechanisms may not always be accurate even when intuition is correct it is not scientific evidence Change Blindness- people not being good at noticing changes in their environment The observation: people are not good at detecting changes The hypothesis: People will be slower to detect a change in two successive scenes if some visual events briefly intervenes between these two scenes. The method: experiment using Flicker Paradigm. Lecture 04/06/10 Goals of Psychological Research 1) Describing Behavior
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hypothesis: people have a rightward bias in head-turning when kissing Hypothesis: is a statement about the world that may be true Variable: any event, situation, or behavior that has at least 2 values Operational Definitions of Variables: meeting the objectivity criteria, a definition of a variable in terms of how it is measured trying to make our measurements in a way that anyone else can measure them in that way put concepts in the public realm where they can be criticized, tested, improved, or rejected
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Psych7-Notes - Psychology 7: Research Psychology Lecture...

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