Eighth Lecture

Eighth Lecture - January 23, 2009 Philosophy 4: Eighth...

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Unformatted text preview: January 23, 2009 Philosophy 4: Eighth Lecture A Defense of Abortion (Continued) • What about in cases of consensual sex? - Th e a r g u m e n t t h a t is a g ai n s t a b o r tio n in t h e s e c a s e s w o uld s e e m t o b e m u c h s tro n g e r o Th e fe t u s is a p e r s o n a n d a p e r s o n h a s a rig h t t o life. • Thompson’s answer in cases of consensual sex: - S t ar t s b y e x a mi nin g t h e rig h t t o life: o RTL is pro bl e m a tic. Wh a t d o e s it m e a n t o h a v e a rig h t t o life? Wh a t d o e s t h a t e n titl e yo u t o? Do e s it m e a n t h a t yo u h a v e a rig h t t o t h e b a r e mi ni m u m t o s u s t ai n life? • H e nry Fon d a c a s e Do e s it m e a n t h a t yo u h a v e t h e rig h t n o t d o b e kille d ? • Violinis t • The Right to Life: Th e rig h t t o life c o n sis t s in t h e rig h t n o t t o b e kille d u nju s tly o Th a t’s h o w w e c a n m a k e s e n s e of t h e fac t t h a t it is p e r mis sibl e t o kill t h e violinis t. You d o n o t a c t u nju s tly b y u n plu g gin g hi m. • Where does this leave us? - Well, t h e t hin g t h a t n e e d s t o b e s h o w n b y t h e a b o r tio n o p p o n e n t is n o t t h a t t h e fe t u s is a p e r s o n, a n d t h e n r e mi n d u s t h a t all p e r s o n s h a v e a rig h t t o life. We n e e d t o b e s h o w n t h a t killing t h e fe t u s viola t e s its rig h t t o life, i. e. t h a t it is a n u nju s t killing. • Consensual sex and the right to life: - So w h a t w o uld t h e a b or tio n o p p o n e n t a r g u e h er e ? o Wh a t w o uld m a k e it a viol a tio n of t h e fe t u s’ rig h t t o life t o h a v e a n a b o r tio n w h er e t h e s e x a c t w a s c o n s e n s u al a n d n o t hr e a t t o t h e life of t h e m o t h e r e xis t s ? o Th e a r g u m e n t mi g h t b e t his: t h a t t h e s e x a c t, b y virt u e of b ein g c o n s e n s u al a n d wit h kn owl e d g e t h a t a pr e g n a n c y c a n r e s ult, giv e s t h e u n b or n a rig h t t o t h e m o t h e r’s b o dy. - Tho m s o n t hink s t h a t t his is n o t tr u e. Ev e n if yo u h a v e c o n s e n s u al s e x wit h f ull k n owl e d g e , t h e fe t u s d o e s n o t n e c e s s a rily h a v e t h e rig h t t o u s e t h e m o t h e r’s b o dy. So killing it is n o t a viol a tio n of it’s rig h t t o life. o But d o e s n’t t h e m o t h e r’s c o n trib u tio n t o t h e fe t u s’ n e e d for h e r lifes u s t ainin g ai d g e n e r a t e a rig h t t o t h e u s e of h e r b o d y? • The Burglar Case: - To a r g u e t h a t it d o e s n o t, Tho m s o n giv e s u s t h e b ur gl ar c a s e in w hic h a w o m a n le a v e s h e r “win d ow” o p e n a n d a b ur gl ar e n t e r s it. - Tho m s o n’s c o n clu sio n is t h a t it’s cl e a r t h a t t h e b ur gl ar d o e s n o t h a v e t h e r ig h t t o s t ay. o This c a s e is s u p p o s e d t o b e a n alo g o u s t o volu n t a ry s e x wit h o u t c o n tr a c e p tio n. • Question: - Do e s t his c a s e s h o w t h a t t h e m o t h e r h a s n o t giv e n t h e rig h t t o u s e h e r b o d t o a fe t u s ? Are t h e t w o c a s e s m o r ally si milar? o Pos sibl e r e plie s: This inn o c e n t d o e s n o t n e e d t h e u s e of yo ur a p a r t m e n t t o s u s t ain t h eir life You a r e n o t t h e o nly o n e t h a t c a n pr ovid e t h e ai d t h e y n e e d • Do t h e s e p oin t s of diff er e n c e r efu t e Tho m s o n’s p oin t? • The People-Seed Case: Now Tho m s o n intro d u c e s t h e p e o pl e-s e e d c a s e Im a gin e a w orld w h er e p e o pl e s e e d s drift like p olle n, a n d if y o u o p e n y o u r w in d ow o n e m a y drift in a n d t ak e roo t in yo ur c a r p e t or u p h ols t e ry. o Sinc e yo u d o n o t w a n t c hildr e n yo u fix u p yo ur win d ow s wit h a fin e m e s h s cr e e n t o k e e p t h e m o u t, b u t t h e m e s h s cr e e n is d ef e c tiv e a n d a s e e d g e t s in a n d t ak e s roo t. • Thomson’s Question/Answer: - Tho m s o n’s q u e s tio n is: d o yo u ow e t h e p e r s o n-pl a n t t h e u s e of y o u r h o u s e f or t h e n e x t nin e m o n t h s ? - Tho m s o n’s a n s w e r is: w e m a y p ull it u p, sinc e b y t a kin g t h e pr e c a u tio n s t o k e e p hi m o u t, yo u a r e , in eff e c t, r efu sin g t o giv e t h e p e r s o n-pl a n t p e r mi s sio n t o e n t e r yo ur h o u s e . o S h e s e e m s t o a s s u m e t h a t in or d e r t o h a v e a rig h t t o u s e y o u r p r o p e r t y, t h e p e r s o n m u s t h a v e b e e nmplicitnor explicit permission. i giv e • What about the permission principle - Is it tr u e t h a t in or d e r t o h a v e a rig h t t o u s e t h e m o t h e r’s b o d y, t h e f e t u s h a s t o b e giv e n p e r mis sio n eit h e r im plicitly or e x plicitly? o Cle arly w e d o n o t giv e e x plicit p e r mis sio n b e c a u s e a w o m a n c a n n e v e r s a y t o t h e fet u s “ok ay, yo u c a n u s e m y u t e r u s.” o But c a n c e r t ain a c tio n s t ak e n b y a w o m a n giv e t h e fe t u s im plicit p e r mi s sio n ( a n d t h er e b y a rig h t) t o u s e t h e w o m a n’s b o d y ? ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course PHIL PHIL 4 taught by Professor Huizenga during the Winter '09 term at UCSB.

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