Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - Ethics Study Guide Normative Ethics...

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Ethics Study Guide Normative Ethics: Normative Ethics- the study of the systems of right and wrong. good and bad -Deontology -Utilitarianism Central Concerns 1. Right and Wrong 2. Good and Bad Two Meanings of the term Right 1. Actions that are obligatory and and optional (Broad) - essentially means you are not doing something wrong, its right b/c its not wrong 2. Refers to actions that are obligatory (Narrow) -no option, doing what is obligatory “Wrong Action” - something he was obligated not to do Two Types of Value 1. Intrinsic value, has value in and of itself 2. Extrinsic value, does not have value in and of itself, found in relation to something else 3. Ethics is concerned with intrinsic value Two Goals of Moral Theory 1) Theoretical Aim- discover underlying nature of right/wrong or good/bad 2) Practical Aim- determine decision procedure to use to determine right/wrong Evaluating Moral Theory 1) Consistency- same action can not be right and wrong 2) Determinency- should determine an answer, Factual Info>Normative Theories>Right/Wrong 3) Applicability- should be able to be applied to Normative Theory 4) Internal Support- imply our considered moral beliefs, receives support 5) External Support- principle of moral theory are supported by established non moal beliefs 6) Explanatory Power- moral theory should be feature principle that explains why items are right or wrong, good or bad Ring of Gyges and Psychological Egoism The Story of the Myth of Gyges - common view of justice (morality) in Glaucon's time was that justice is a convention used for mutual advantage - Glaucon rejects this view 1. strong do fine in state of war 2. even the weak dont have a reason to obey the moral law (if you can get away with it, do it) 3. other beings that are more powerful than us would have no reason to treat us justly - Glaucons positive argument 1. we act only out of self-interest
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Psychological Egoism- the ethical theory that humans always act only out of self-interest, even in cases of altruism Ethical Egoism- the ethical view that humans should always act out of self interest Ethical Egosim- They're claiming that the right action is identical to the self-interested action. They are one and the same action. So, any action that promotes your self-interest is the moral action to take.
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course PHIL PHIL 4 taught by Professor Huizenga during the Winter '09 term at UCSB.

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Final Study Guide - Ethics Study Guide Normative Ethics...

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