Nineteenth Lecture

Nineteenth Lecture - February 25, 2009 Philosophy 4:...

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February 25, 2009 Philosophy 4: Nineteenth Lecture Normative Ethics (Continued) Reply to Psychological Egoism: - But what th e e goist wants is not to s ay that I always do what I d esire (that’s trivially true), but to s ay th at my d esires are always a n d only for m ys elf o Distinction b etw e en: Desires of th e s elf (desires th at I h av e) Desires for th e s elf (desires for m y own b en efit) - What th e e goist h as s aid a m ounts to th e claim th at I only act out of s elf- interest in th e s ens e that m y reasons for acting are my want to act th at wa - But what th e e goist n e e ds to show is th at I only act out of s elf-interest in th e s ens e th at th e reasons for m y actions are only b ec aus e th ey b en efit m e But this is not what h as b e e n claim ed - So we reject th e idea th at we act only from s elf-interested m otives in th e s ens e th at we always act from what we want Second Response: - Mother Teresa h elps th e poor b ec aus e it givers h er pleasure or s atisfaction. o Reply: While it m ay b e true that ple asure acco m p anies our s atisfied d esires, this do es not imply th at th ey are th e explan ation for our doing what we did o Count erexa m ple: well-b eing of fa mily choice: Family taken care of without m y knowing it Family not taken care of while I p e ac efully think th ey are The point is th at b ec aus e I would not always choos e th e s econd option I a m not acting e goistically (I don’t choos e m y pleasure, I choos e m y family’s interests), I would b e acting in th e interest of my fa mily a n d not mys elf The Validity of the Bad Argument: - If (1) is true, does th at imply th at (2) is tru e? -
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Nineteenth Lecture - February 25, 2009 Philosophy 4:...

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