Second Lecture

Second Lecture - January 7, 2009 Philosophy 4: Second...

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January 7, 2009 Philosophy 4: Second Lecture We’re using our reasoning skills to sort through questions raised in and about ethics. - Logic is th e way our tool of exploration (our mind) should work. One way to charact erize logic is a s th e ethics of reasoning – it’s how we should reason (this is in opposition to how we do in fact reason). What is an argument? - It’s a way to g et you to b elieve or do so m ething - But it’s not persuasion - Various forms of p ersu asion: a. Appe al to force b. Appe al to pity (e motion) c. Appe al to a uthority d. Etc. Argument : a composition of propositions organized into premises and a conclusion that bare a special relationship to one another. - Proposition : a claim; statements that can be true or false a. Premises : statements that are true or false that are offered as reasons to accept some conclusion b. Conclusions : the statement that is ultimately believed Deductive Argument : if the premises are true, the conclusion MUST be
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Second Lecture - January 7, 2009 Philosophy 4: Second...

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