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Tenth Lecture - Philosophy 4 Tenth Lecture An Argument that...

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January 28, 2009 Philosophy 4: Tenth Lecture An Argument that Abortion is Wrong Marquis’ Argument: - Marquis is going to argu e for th e claim th at n e arly all cas es of a bortion are s eriously wrong - His strategy is to try to explain what m akes killing p eople wrong in g en er al, a nd th en to a pply th at result to th e a bortion issu e Definition of Abortion: - Marquis d efines a n a bortion a s “an action intend e d to bring a bout th e d e ath of a fetus for th e s ake of th e wo m an who carries it.” The Beginnings of Marquis’ Argument: - Marquis b egins his argu m e nt by ex a mining th e stand ard a nti-a bortion a n d pro-choice rights-b as ed m oral argu m e nts - His go al is to show why th e issue is intractable when a ddress ed in th at way, a n d to motivate his proposed alternative solution to th e proble m Right to Life Argument: 1. A fetus is a person from the time of conception 2. All persons have a right to life 3. Thus, a fetus has a right to life 4. A woman has a right to control what happens in and to her body 5. The fetus’ right to life outweighs a woman’s right to control her own body 6. Therefore, abortion is morally impermissible Why the Traditional Debate is Intractable: - Those who oppos e a bortion are inclined to acc ept pre mise 1 a s true
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