The Research Process

The Research Process - April 7 2009 The Research Process...

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April 7, 2009 The Research Process Theories, Hypotheses, and Research Questions The Scientific Method: - Combines “platonic idealism” with “empiricism” o Logic/intuition: constructing theories o Observation/experience: gathering data The Wheel of Science: - Theories Hypotheses Observations o Deduction: traditional science/quantitative - Observations Empirical Generalizations Theories o Induction: humanistic/interpretive/qualitative Neither really comes in and of itself Using Theories in Research: - Theory : an attempt to explain some aspect of social life (anytime you are trying to explain something, you are creating a theory) o A scholar’s ideas about how/why events/attitudes occur o Includes a set of concepts and their relationships o Scientific theories usually aim to be: Deterministic Explain things in terms of causes and effects Probabilistic causes Falsifiable Should be able to be tested ; to be proved wrong Cannot “prove theories true;” can only gain support or
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course COMM COMM88 taught by Professor Dorothymullin during the Spring '09 term at UCSB.

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The Research Process - April 7 2009 The Research Process...

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