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10C Lecture Notes

10C Lecture Notes - 10CFriday o ..FamilywasUnitarian.Father...

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10C—Friday, 9/25/09 o Drumble based on Manchester. Gaskell grew up in Knutsford. Family was Unitarian. Father  abandoned her and her mother died shortly after childbirth. Raised by her aunts. o Unitarianism: open-minded, embraces many world religions, thinking about what can be learned from  that comparison. Often classified as radicals. Interested in equality…slavery, women’s rights, etc.  spends years as a Unitarian minister’s wife, tending the poor. Success as a writer. Moved to  Manchester, similar circles as Friedrich Engels.  o First novel  Mary Barton . Based on her knowledge of working with the industrial poor. Kind-of a  downer novel. First appeared in Dickens’ magazine,  Household Words . Dickens as an editor. Nothing  that aims to be politically provocative or heavyweight. Also not churchy. Usually poems on innocuous  topics, nonfiction features, fiction to make its readers feel good.  o Cranford  as a serial? A novel? Talking about domestic life. Ordinary group of single women.  o Ruth  is entirely controversial, shocking.  North and South , about industrial conflict.  Sylvia’s Lover’s , a  novel about accidental bigamy. Wrote the first biography of Charlotte Bronte. Her work compares with  the Brontes, Dickens, and George Eliot. o “Our Society”. Picturesque little town, pre-railroad. Railway is a source of fascination but also feared.  Railways disfigured the landscape.  o Who is the narrator? Why? Style? …someone in London.  o Amazons : not taken seriously, holders of houses, infertile, married women lost the legal right to  property.  o Intrusion. Men seen as problematic.  o Narrator knowledgeable and critical of the society she is a part of. Almost as if she’s sharing gossip  with the reader. Insider’s knowledge. Making private life public.  o Why focus on spinsters? British census discovered there were more women than men. “surplus  women” debate. Aging spinsters who have no skills, etc. 5 Monday 10/5/09 o Presence of medals in every picture of mary seacole.  o Mary Seacole in  Punch . Satirical magazine. Only contained features about people who were very  very important.  o Why does she write it? Remind people of her British heritage. Money. Justify her skills as an  entrepreneuring buisinesswoman and a skilled nurse. To throw authoritative light on the Crimean war,  to express horrors of American slavery.
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