Language_for_Students6(2)

Language_for_Students6(2) - 10/27/10 What is cognition?...

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10/27/10 1 LANGUAGE & THINKING Chapter 8 What is cognition? Thinking Remembering Communicating Amazing yet Automatic… What is language? How do we learn it? Is language required for thought? Is language unique to humans? The Building Blocks of Language Phonemes Smallest unit of sound Specific to each language B-a-t, ch-a-t Morphemes Smallest unit of meaning I, a, bat, pre-, -ed Connecting the Blocks of Language Syntax (Structure) Rules used to order words The ball table on John put. John put the ball on the table. Morphological markers— modify words by adding sounds that change the meaning Cat and cats Jump and jumped Fly and flying Real world language use rarely follows syntactic rules perfectly Extralinguistic Information Successful communication depends on: The content of the language The social environment and nonverbal behavior of the speaker The knowledge and reasoning ability of the listener to make sense out of the information and the context
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10/27/10 2 Learning Language Infants are Flexible Language Learners Productive Language Reduplicative babbling Conversational babbling One-word (12 mos) Holophrases (12 mos +) Two-word, telegraphic
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Language_for_Students6(2) - 10/27/10 What is cognition?...

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