Lecture 8 - Lecture 8 Settler resource management in New...

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Lecture 8 – Settler resource management in New England - outline Blackboard Today : 1) CBS horticulture 2) Myth 3) Corn mother myth 4) Settler agriculture: ecology, socioeconomic organization Corn-bean-squash horticulture -classic form of subsistence horticulture History -7000 years ago in Mexico and is later adopted by the tribes of New England Agroecology Polyculture -many culture, each of the part of this system so that each part of their life cycle intercept/ growing at the same time ecosystem structure -soil, corn stalk supports the bean vines, planted in rows, and squash is planted in the areas between rows -unused vegetative matter is returned to the soil -energy (photosynthesis), water nutrient cycle -difficult to just grow corn b/c depletes the soil of nutrients like potassium -squash leaves are wide so that it allows retention of moisture in the soil -squash drops toxin in soil to prevent weed and other nuisance vegetation from growing -beans are nitrogen fixing, fixes a useful form of nitrogen for use by the other plants ecosystem function Shifting agriculture fallowing mimics natural cycles the management of fields mimics the natural cycle in a condense way. 1
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*swidden short term fallowing cycle and then harvest of crop, and then longer term fallowing soil and nutrient retention Human needs nutrition food security subsistence production -produced for local needs, but for trade or commerce Social organization subsistence horticulture, hunter gatherer gender-based division of labor men are charged with preparing the fields (girdling/burning) men are primarily hunters, razing tobacco (a symbol of community/ political power) women and children are charged with growing crops, guarding crops, gathering berries/nuts women provide 90% of calories. ..(horticultural developers/ matrilineal society) harvest are shared with men and women technology stone, antler, wood, bone, low impact in procurement of supplies cannot have large scale technologies with mobile society production and reproduction
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2010 for the course ESPM 50AC taught by Professor Spreyer during the Spring '09 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Lecture 8 - Lecture 8 Settler resource management in New...

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