ESPM Review Sheet 1

ESPM Review Sheet 1 - ESPM 50: Midterm 1 review Units I-II

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ESPM 50: Midterm 1 review – Units I-II [email protected] Fall 2010 Midterm 1 addresses material from the Units I and II, and is based on the following format: 1 identification (4-7 sentences) 1 compare/contrast (8-12 sentences) 1 short answer (8-12 sentences) 1 essay question (1 page in large exam book) Each category will have at least two questions from which you may choose one to answer. For all of the terms listed below, you will be expected to be able to: 1) Give a definition. 2) Explain their significance in relation to themes in the course. 3) Compare and contrast related terms. 4) Give examples from readings and lectures that illustrate your understanding of the term and are clearly delineated in terms of time and place. You should be able to apply all “conceptual” terms (i.e., those referring to concepts, arguments, theories, etc.) to any appropriate historical and geographic contexts in the list of terms or in the specific context in which the conceptual terms are introduced in the course. For instance, you should be able to apply the concept of site and situation to New Orleans, the Lower 9 th Ward and Yurok tribal land. –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Unit I Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans Site and situation - Scholars call this the disjuncture between 'site'-the actual real estate a city occupies-and 'situation'-an urban area's relative advantages as compared with other places. New Orleans, with access to the river and the gulf, enjoys a near-perfect situation but a terrible site. Wetlands - The first advocated mulch-tiered flood control: levees, spillways and 'reservoirs' swaths of wetlands acting like sponges -wetlands are drained for land development -alluvial soil which overtime subsides, need to be replenished by floods from the Mississippi River -recharge of wetland area, important for vegetation and prevent salt water from entering f reshwater area -absorb storm surges -2 to 4 miles of wetland absorbs 1 foot of storm surges -wetlands shrunk because of history of building levees along Mississippi River and so no recharge of wetland. -diversion of water and setiment -petrol chemical industries cut canals and redirected flow of water and sediments Levees - The second, penned by a future head of the Army Corps of Engineers, was more palatable at a time when wetlands were deemed wasteland. So began a policy known as 'levees only'. By 1900 New Orleans had levees taller than nearby houses. The river and lake had disappeared behind
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miniature mountains. -just one problem: They didn't work. The river became more dangerous, and New Orleans less safe.
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2010 for the course ESPM 50AC taught by Professor Spreyer during the Spring '09 term at Berkeley.

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ESPM Review Sheet 1 - ESPM 50: Midterm 1 review Units I-II

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