introduction to results...

introduction to results... - Introduction to Results Based...

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Introduction to Results Based Management INTEGRATED RESULTS BASED MANAGEMENT COUNTRY EXPERIENCES Koshy Thomas[1] Results Based Management (RBM) can essentially be termed as a contemporary management philosophy and approach that focuses on the appropriate and timely achievement of relevant goals and objectives through strategic planning, systematic implementation and resource usage, performance monitoring, measurement and reporting as well as systematic utilisation of performance information to improve policy decision making and program performance at all levels. The statement above pretty much covers all the main aspects of RBM. It emphasises the importance of achieving results through systematic goals and objectives achievement and clearly states how this should be achieved. The RBM approach has been used in many countries as a strategic performance planning tool, including a version of it that was introduced in Malaysia in 1990. . 2. The early works of RBM can be associated with Management by Objectives (MBO) and the Program Performance Budgeting System (PPBS) in the 1960s. These were early attempts at focusing on results and objective achievement. The early systems, although focused on results, came short on the detailed processes in terms of implementation. In the 1970s, the Logical Framework approach was introduced, in an effort to better track the process. The Logical Framework was used extensively in many countries and organisations in the 1980s and the 90s in various forms as a management tool. The use of program logic in management and planning later evolved into the rudimentary versions of the RBM. RBM is a performance-based strategic planning methodology that has been used by a number of countries successfully in driving both better and more focused planning and implementation of
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its public sector programs. The Integrated RBM (IRBM) System Despite these early developments, there have been limited integrated approaches so far to render the RBM system more dynamic and practical in its usage and as a comprehensive performance management system for government-wide implementation. Early versions of the RBM were either centered only on the budgeting system or through the personnel performance system but with minimal or no integration between the two. There was also minimal integration between the development and operating budgets in these countries. These systems also had minimal flavour of the developmental requirements of developing countries. As a response to this, an Integrated RBM system was developed in the late 1990s. This was based on the performance framework that was first introduced in the Malaysian public sector in1990 under the Modified Budgeting System (MBS). However, the original performance framework did not take into account full integration between the operating and development budgets as well as the personnel performance management. There was also a marked absence of tight links between budget performance
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introduction to results... - Introduction to Results Based...

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