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Unformatted text preview: Unit Eight: Ecology Chapter 50 - The Biosphere MULTIPLE CHOICE . Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Important abiotic factors in ecosystems include which of the following? I. temperature II. water III. wind A) I only B) II only C) III only D) I and II only E) I, II, and III 2) All of the following statements about ecology are correct except: A) Ecology is the study of the interactions between biotic and abiotic aspects of the environment. B) Ecology is a discipline that is independent from natural selection and evolutionary history. C) Ecologists may study populations and communities of organisms. D) Ecology spans increasingly comprehensive levels of organization, from individuals to ecosystems. E) Ecological studies may involve the use of models and computers. 3) Which of the following levels of organization is arranged in the correct sequence from most to least inclusive? A) ecosystem, community, population, individual B) community, ecosystem, individual, population C) individual, population, community, ecosystem D) population, ecosystem, individual, community E) individual, community, population, ecosystem 4) Which of the following are important biotic factors that can affect the structure and organization of biological communities? A) nutrient availability, soil pH, light intensity B) precipitation, wind, temperature C) predation, competition, disease D) A and B only E) A, B, and C 5) Landscape ecology is best described as the study of A) the array of interacting species within a community. B) abiotic factors and the community of species that exist in a particular area. C) the factors affecting the abundance of single species. D) physiological and behavioral ways in which organisms meet the challenges of their environment. E) related arrays of ecosystems....
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