war of independence

war of independence - TITLE NAME S/O CLASS SECTION ROLL...

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TITLE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857 NAME ABDUL GHANI SHAHZAIB S/O: MOHAMMED ARIF CLASS BSCS-I SECTION A ROLL # 01 BATCH 2008-2012 SUBJECT PAKISTAN STUDIES TEACHER SYED IZHHAR ALI DEPARTMENTCOMPUTER SCIENCE DATE 07-05-08 UNIVERSITY KARACHI UNIVERSITY
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ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE OF WAR OF   INDEPENDENCE 1857 War of independence 1857: The war of independence is often referred as ‘the Indian Mutiny’ or ‘the Sepoy Mutiny’ by the British, it started as a rebellion of native troops, with the revolt of Mangal Pandey at Barrackpur on March 29, 1857. This happened just after 100 years of the battle of Plassey in June 1757 where, with the help of conspirators and traitors, the East India Company defeated Nawab Sirajuddaullah, the last independent ruler of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, and acquired vast territory alongwith immense resources, enabling them to capture many more territories in India in the following years. Thereafter it spread to Meerut where an entire regiment rebelled and then the revolt spread like wildfire beyond the soldiery to envelop vast areas of India, capturing the psyche of the Indian masses and particularly in the Northern and Central regions assuming the character of a popular revolt against foreign rule. The Mughal Emperor, Bahadurshah Zafar was recognized as a national symbol and proclaimed as their emperor by the rebellious forces transcending their religious, social and regional differences. The first war of Independence forged an unshakeable unity amongst Hindus and Muslims alike Background: If in Delhi the rebellion spread like wild fire, then in other places such as Muzzafarnagar, Saharanpur, Allahabad, Kanpur, Barelli, Banaras, Bihar and Jhansi it irrupted like a volcano. In rural areas, the spread was the fastest and fiercest where the peasantry came out in large numbers against the oppressive revenue system introduced by the Company Lords. Peasants rebellion in India have been traditionally tax rebellion. Gujjars were the worst rebels through out the rebellion. Between the rivers Jamuna and Ganga, away from the GT Road, at Dadri, Sarsawa, Deoband, Bijnour, Moradabad and Rohilkhand, Gujjar turbulence was so intense that it seemed the company’s rule has ended. According to one estimate more than a million Gujjars participated in the revolt. A regular system of correspondence existed between the Gujjars living in different parts of the country. The participation of these pastoral and nomadic communities made the rebellion a truly people’s revolt. The Rangars and the Rajput communities were out to prove that the Rajput valour is not a thing of the past. The Britishers forgot rather conveniently that the Kisan (peasant and cultivator) of the peace time in India becomes a Jawan (solider) in war time. Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan had been a traditional Indian slogan.
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An extra ordinary fact stands out in the midst of the story of the great rebellions and that is even the main rebel leaders regarded the Mughal Emperor as their Badshah (King). Even
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This note was uploaded on 11/06/2010 for the course UBIT 411 taught by Professor Saleemelahi during the Spring '10 term at University of Karachi.

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war of independence - TITLE NAME S/O CLASS SECTION ROLL...

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