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Ch 1 The Evolution of Psychology

Ch 1 The Evolution of Psychology - “Free will is an...

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Behaviorism - Studies only observable behaviors in a scientific manner. Functionalism – purpose of consciousness Structuralism – basic elements Evolutionary psychology 1990’s Behavior has been shaped through natural selection. Positive psychology Clinical psychology Became a profession because of World War II 1950’s Today, about two-thirds of psychologists are involved in professional services Professional specialties Clinical Educational and school Industrial Counseling Psychoanalytic theory Sigmund Freud. Unconsciousness as a cause of behavior. Sexuality. Behaviorism was associated with B.F. Skinner and John B. Watson (founder)
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Unformatted text preview: . “Free will is an illusion” (B.F. Skinner). William Wundt was the first to discover psychology in 1879 (Germany). 7 Research areas in psychology 1. Psychometrics 2. Personality 3. Developmental 4. Social 5. Experimental 6. Cognitive 7. Physiological Positive psychology was founded in the late 1990’s by Mark Seligman. Cultural factors of behavior • 1980’s • Caused by increased cultural diversity in Western societies and growing global interdependence Humanism • Carl Rogers • Abraham Maslow • Irrelevance of animal research • Because humans have unique characteristics, such as freedom and potential for growth...
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